Will global powers give up their nuclear weapons? | Nuclear Weapons News

From: Inside Story

UN chief warns of the best menace of nuclear disaster because the finish of the Chilly Warfare.

The Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons has been credited with conserving the world secure.

Almost each nation has signed the settlement, which goals to stop the unfold of nuclear weapons and promote the peaceable use of atomic expertise.

However the United Nations secretary-general warns the world is simply one dangerous miscalculation away from nuclear battle.

Antonio Guterres says the menace is at its highest stage because the finish of the Chilly Warfare.

Nuclear-armed powers together with the USA have known as for disarmament.

However have they got the desire to remove nuclear weapons?

Presenter: Kim Vinnell

Friends:

Robert Kelley – Distinguished fellow, Stockholm Worldwide Peace Analysis Institute (SIPRI)

Rabia Akhtar – Director, Centre for Safety, Technique and Coverage Analysis, College of Lahore

Richard Cupitt – Director at Partnerships in Proliferation Prevention, Stimson Middle

Why death of al-Qaeda’s Ayman al-Zawahiri will have little impact | Al-Qaeda

At first look, the July 31 killing of al-Qaeda chief Ayman al-Zawahiri by a US drone attack in Kabul, Afghanistan, seems to be probably the most vital setback the group has skilled for the reason that demise of its founder, Osama bin Laden, in 2011.

Nevertheless, all through the last decade he administered al-Qaeda, al-Zawahiri labored to make sure the organisation has all the required instruments in place to outlive his demise. As such, whereas the operation that eradicated one of many organisers of the 9/11 assaults is undoubtedly a significant win for the present US administration, it’s unlikely to debilitate the group.

Certainly, the fallout from this focused assassination will likely be minimal for al-Qaeda. Al-Zawahiri, seen by many as nothing aside from a “grey bureaucrat”, can simply get replaced by somebody with an analogous managerial mindset. He might even get replaced by somebody extra charismatic, boosting the group’s attract amongst present and would-be members alike.

On the worldwide stage, the drone assault in Kabul will undoubtedly impact the US’s relationship with the Taliban, in addition to the way forward for Washington’s drone operations. Nevertheless, it’s unlikely that it’ll result in any vital change or mark a turning level within the regional not to mention world established order.

Impression on al-Qaeda

A terror group tends to survive the demise of its chief if it possesses a functioning organisational paperwork, a permanent ideology, and communal assist. Al-Qaeda advantages from all three.

First, it has a strong operational paperwork. Al-Zawahiri didn’t possess the charisma of his predecessor. However after bin Laden’s demise, he created an in depth, self-sufficient bureaucratic system, with clear chains of command, that ensured the group’s destiny is just not tied to any single chief, together with himself. Throughout al-Zawahiri’s tenure, al-Qaeda adopted an enlargement mannequin which may greatest be described as “franchising”. Beneath his command, the group expanded its attain from Mali to Kashmir with the addition of quite a few largely autonomous and financially self-sufficient branches or “franchises”. As these branches are in a position to proceed operations with out a lot intervention from the central command, the demise of any chief is unlikely to trigger the community to disintegrate.

Second, al-Qaeda adheres to a violent ideology that doesn’t rely upon a pacesetter for its articulation or propagation. The set of concepts that information the group existed lengthy earlier than al-Qaeda, and can undoubtedly proceed to be supported by some in zones of failing governance or alienation after its elimination. Al-Zawahiri was no ideologue. And he knew that he didn’t have to be one to make sure the group’s enlargement and longevity. Al-Qaeda’s ideology will proceed to draw assist it doesn’t matter what occurs to its leaders.

Third, below al-Zawahiri, al-Qaeda loved vital communal assist in areas the place it has been energetic. The late al-Qaeda chief was a pragmatist who castigated as counterproductive the ideological rigidity and excesses of the likes of ISIL founders Abu Musab al-Zarqawi and Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi. In contrast to them, al-Zawahiri inspired the group he managed to cooperate with, reasonably than totally dominate, locals and native armed teams. This technique allowed al-Qaeda to increase its attain. In Syria, its affiliate, Ha’yat Tahrir al-Sham, nonetheless endures to today thanks not less than partially to Zawahiri’s insurance policies. Likewise in sub-Saharan Africa, throughout al-Zawahiri’s tenure, al-Qaeda associates entrenched their presence by forming native political alliances and garnering assist from clan leaders, nomads and farmers. This communal assist is unlikely to die solely because of al-Zawahiri’s killing.

Al-Qaeda confronted probably the most vital problem in its historical past throughout al-Zawahiri’s tenure – it was not a US drone raid or the assassination of a pacesetter however the emergence of a breakaway faction within the type of ISIL, which not solely recruited members from al-Qaeda, however created a rival, state-centric narrative that undermined al-Zawahiri’s bureaucratic, decentralised imaginative and prescient of a terrorist community.

On condition that al-Qaeda managed to outlive the existential problem posed by ISIL, there is no such thing as a purpose to doubt it’s going to additionally handle to endure the lack of its most up-to-date chief.

Implications for Doha settlement

The US didn’t discover al-Zawahiri in some hidden cave complicated in a hard-to-access rural space of Afghanistan. He was discovered, and killed, in a suburban district of Kabul. This brought about many to query whether or not the Taliban or not less than some components inside the group, knew of or facilitated his presence there.

The 2020 Doha Settlement made the American and NATO withdrawal of forces from Afghanistan contingent on the Taliban’s assurances that the nation wouldn’t function a haven for al-Qaeda or ISIL to launch assaults towards the US.

On this regard, US Secretary of State Antony Blinken accused the Taliban of violating the Settlement, by “internet hosting and sheltering” al-Zawahiri in Kabul, whereas the Taliban condemned the drone raid, additionally calling it a violation of the Settlement. These statements are paying homage to these exchanged in 2011 between the US and Pakistan after bin Ladin was discovered and killed in a residential district of Abbottabad.

Again then, the US and Pakistan managed to discover a strategy to proceed with the modus vivendi they established after airing their grievances. We’re more likely to witness the identical between the US and the Taliban after al-Zawahiri’s killing. As soon as they’re carried out expressing their grievances about what occurred, they may proceed with their cautious relationship as a result of they share a typical foe: The Islamic State in Khorasan Province, ISKP (ISIS-Ok), the Afghanistan affiliate of ISIL. Because the Biden administration is presently occupied with deterring China and Russia, it nonetheless wants the Taliban to discourage ISIL, or to not less than preserve the peace in Afghanistan.

Drone assassinations to proceed

In contrast with the Trump administration, the variety of US drone assaults dramatically dropped throughout Biden’s tenure – an obvious acknowledgement by the present administration that such raids contribute to grievances that gas violence, battle and anti-US sentiments in the long run.

The 2020 assassination of Iran’s Qassim Soleimani in Iraq, for instance, disadvantaged it of a charismatic chief and allowed then President Trump to attain some simple factors along with his base at house, however didn’t in any approach break Iran’s sway over Iraq. The truth is, it achieved little greater than strengthening anti-US resolve in each nations.

The present US president and people in his administration are undoubtedly conscious of this. However, the killing of al-Zawahiri in Afghanistan exhibits that even Biden is unable to withstand the temptation of the short-term political beneficial properties supplied by such high-profile, low-risk drone assassinations.

All this means that when the information cycle strikes on from al-Zawahiri’s demise, the actors concerned will probably proceed with enterprise as common. Al-Qaeda will appoint a brand new chief and proceed operations, the US and the Taliban will maintain on to the modus vivendi they established below the 2020 Doha Settlement regardless of elevated tensions, and the US will proceed to make use of drones throughout the Muslim world, whatever the unfavourable long-term affect of such operations.

The views expressed on this article are the writer’s personal and don’t essentially replicate Al Jazeera’s editorial stance. 

Child infected with Marburg virus dies in Ghana | World Health Organization News

The variety of fatalities within the nation has risen to 3 since Ghana registered its first-ever Marburg virus outbreak final month.

A baby who contracted the extremely infectious Ebola-like Marburg virus in Ghana has died, a World Well being Group official has mentioned.

The loss of life on Tuesday brings the full variety of fatalities within the nation to 3 since Ghana registered its first-ever outbreak of the illness final month. The outbreak is simply the second in West Africa, after the primary was detected final yr in Guinea.

The lifeless youngster, whose gender or age weren’t disclosed, was one in all two new instances reported final week by the WHO.

“Final week I discussed the 2 further instances. One is the spouse of the index case and the opposite one is the kid of the index case and the kid sadly died, however the spouse remains to be alive and enhancing,” WHO physician Ibrahima Soce Fall informed reporters.

The virus is transmitted to folks from fruit bats and spreads amongst people via direct contact with bodily fluids, surfaces and supplies, the WHO mentioned.

To date, the Ghanaian well being ministry has solely reported three confirmed instances and additional testing stays to be accomplished on a fourth suspected case, Fall mentioned.

The primary two instances, in southern Ghana’s Ashanti area, each had signs together with diarrhoea, fever, nausea and vomiting, earlier than dying in hospital, the WHO mentioned beforehand.

Al-Qaeda leader Ayman al-Zawahiri killed: How the world reacted | Al-Qaeda News

A round-up of worldwide response after the US stated a drone strike had killed al-Zawahiri in Kabul.

The USA says a CIA drone strike has killed al-Qaeda chief Ayman al-Zawahiri in Afghanistan’s capital, Kabul, within the largest blow to the group since its founder Osama bin Laden was killed in 2011.

An Egyptian surgeon with a $25m reward on his head, al-Zawahiri helped coordinate the September 11, 2001 attacks on the US that killed some 3,000 folks.

Right here is how the world reacted to al-Zawahiri’s killing on Sunday.

INTERACTIVE_AYMAN AL ZAWAHIRI

United States

In his televised handle on Monday asserting the killing of al-Zawahiri, US President Joe Biden stated the operation delivered justice and hopefully a measure of closure to households of the victims of the 2001 assaults on the US.

“Now justice has been delivered, and this terrorist chief is not any extra. Regardless of how lengthy it takes, irrespective of the place you conceal, if you’re a risk to our folks, america will discover you and take you out.”

Canada

In a put up on Twitter, Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau stated al-Zawahiri’s loss of life made the world a safer place.

“The loss of life of Ayman al-Zawahiri is a step towards a safer world. Canada will hold working with our international companions to counter terrorist threats, promote peace and safety, and hold folks right here at residence and world wide protected.”

Australia

Talking in Parliament, Australian Prime Minister Anthony Albanese listed the assorted assaults al-Zawahiri was blamed for, earlier than sending his ideas and prayers to the households of the victims.

“So many lives have been misplaced and a lot blood has been spilled since, together with all these Australians who served, sacrificed and gave their lives in Afghanistan,” stated Albanese.

“For twenty years, this man fled the implications of his crimes. Our ideas at the moment are with the family members of all of his victims.

“Might they discover some small solace within the information that he can not trigger extra grief by his acts of terror, and let terrorists see that Afghanistan won’t ever, ever be a protected haven for his or her hatred, their terrorism and their assaults on our humanity,” he added.

Saudi Arabia

Saudi state media quoted the dominion’s overseas minister, Prince Faisal bin Farhan Al Saud, as saying: “Al-Zawahiri is taken into account one of many leaders of terrorism that led the planning and execution of heinous terrorist operations in america and Saudi Arabia.”

Taliban

The Taliban, which seized energy in Afghanistan almost a yr in the past, confirmed the strike in Kabul, however didn’t title who had been focused. Spokesman Zabihullah Mujahid strongly condemned the assault, calling it a violation of “worldwide rules”.

Bangladesh’s garment sector faces energy, demand crises | Business and Economy News

The world’s second-largest garment exporter is experiencing a slowdown that can threaten the nation’s financial restoration.

Bangladesh’s garment business, the world’s No. 2 exporter after China, is dealing with a double whammy from slowing international demand and an power disaster at residence that’s threatening to thwart the nation’s pandemic restoration.

Plummy Fashions Ltd., a provider to PVH Corp., the mum or dad firm of vogue model Tommy Hilfiger, and Inditex SA’s Zara, noticed new orders in July drop 20% from a 12 months earlier, its Managing Director Fazlul Hoque stated.

“Retailers in each European and US markets are both deferring the shipments of completed merchandise or delaying orders, he stated in an interview. “As inflation is hovering in our export locations, it has a severe impression on us.”

Waning orders are a danger to the financial system, the place the garment business makes up greater than 10% of gross home product and employs 4.4 million individuals. It couldn’t be occurring at a worse time for Bangladesh as authorities are resorting to productivity-killing power cuts to protect gas reserves amid a region-wide power disaster, brought on partly by the struggle in Ukraine.

“Uninterrupted power provide is the important thing to delivering merchandise in time,” Hoque stated. “We’re dealing with a mixture of a number of issues at residence and overseas.

3-Hour Outages

Because the power disaster struck, the price of doing enterprise has surged. Customary Group Ltd., one of many main exporters that provides to Hole Inc. and H&M Hennes & Mauritz AB relies on turbines for at the least three hours a day to energy up its dyeing and washing models within the manufacturing hub of Gazipur on the outskirts of Dhaka.

“The price of electrical energy from turbines is thrice what we get from the nationwide grid as a result of diesel is dear,” Atiqur Rahman, chairman of Customary, stated in a separate interview. “We are able to’t hold our dyeing and washing models shut as a result of energy outage. If we do, all of the materials will go to waste.”

Add to that’s the euro’s weak spot towards the greenback that’s eroding the attraction of Bangladesh’s exports, that are priced in {dollars}.

“Clothes is a discretionary merchandise,” stated Charlie Robertson, international chief economist at Renaissance Capital. “In case your power invoice in Europe is capturing up, then individuals have to chop again on discretionary spending and garments will likely be a type of areas,” he stated.

Regional Contagion

Concern within the South Asian nation’s garment business is harking back to canceled orders within the early days of the pandemic. Clothes exports fell to a five-year low of $27.95 billion within the fiscal 12 months to June 2020, earlier than staging a restoration. The nation noticed garment exports climb to a report $42.6 billion within the 12 months ended June, accounting for 82% of complete exports.

Exporters additionally see ominous indicators from Walmart Inc.’s full-year revenue forecast minimize and its pledge to cut back clothes costs.

And there’s a regional contagion impact from Sri Lanka, stated Robertson, pointing to Pakistan’s exports getting “a lot cheaper” due to its foreign money’s weak spot. “That provides to strain on Bangladesh and key export markets like Europe will likely be shopping for much less textiles” as gross sales progress takes successful.

Bangladesh has sought a loan from the Worldwide Financial Fund, the newest South Asian nation to ask for help as costlier oil eats into the area’s greenback stockpiles.

Overseas alternate reserves in Bangladesh slipped to $39.79 billion as of July 13 from $45.33 billion a 12 months earlier. That’s sufficient to cowl roughly 4 months of imports, barely larger than the IMF’s beneficial three-month cowl. The nation’s commerce deficit widened to a report $33.3 billion within the fiscal 12 months ended June.

“We’ve simply recovered from the Covid pandemic after which got here the struggle,” stated Customary Group’s Rahman. “We’re simply unwitting victims.”

South Korea’s prices soar to near quarter-century high | Business and Economy

Inflation hits 6.3 p.c in July, the very best charge since November 1998.

South Korea’s costs rose greater than 6 p.c in July in contrast with final yr, the quickest soar in practically 1 / 4 century.

The East Asian economic system’s client value index rose 6.3 p.c final month, Statistics Korea knowledge confirmed on Tuesday, up from 6 p.c in June.

On a month-to-month foundation, the index rose 0.5 p.c final month, down barely from a 0.6 p.c achieve in June.

The achieve, which was according to market expectations, marks the very best charge of inflation since costs rose 6.8 p.c in November 1998.

The heady inflation knowledge comes because the Financial institution of Korea (BOK) mulls additional rate of interest hikes at its subsequent coverage assembly on August 25.

The central financial institution is broadly considered as having extra respiration house to lift charges after Asia’s fourth-largest economic system grew a faster-than-expected 2.9 p.c year-on-year within the second quarter.

The BOK last month unveiled an unprecedented half a percentage point hike to elevate the benchmark rate of interest to 2.25 p.c.

Central financial institution policymakers, who started elevating rates of interest earlier than most of its friends, described the July hike as uncommon, signalling that extra modest will increase have been possible in future.