Who will be Kenya’s next leader? | Elections

Video Length 24 minutes 18 seconds

From: Inside Story

It’s a two-horse race for the presidency as Uhuru Kenyatta steps down.

Kenyans go to the polls on Tuesday to decide on a brand new president.

Former Prime Minister Raila Odinga and present Vice President William Ruto are the frontrunners. It’s an in depth race and analysts say the election may go to a runoff for the primary time.

Many citizens, annoyed by corruption and skyrocketing costs, are calling for change.

Earlier elections had been marred by violence. Will or not it’s completely different this time? And what’s at stake on this vote?

Presenter: Mohammed Jamjoom

Visitors

Ngala Chome – senior analyst at Sarhan Analysis

Fergus Kell – analysis analyst within the Africa Programme at Chatham Home

Jacky Kwonyike – lawyer on the Excessive Courtroom of Kenya

Top Pakistan Taliban leader killed in Afghanistan roadside attack | Pakistan Taliban News

Abdul Wali, also referred to as Omar Khalid Khorasani, was allegedly behind a number of the deadliest assaults in Pakistan in recent times.

A late night time roadside bombing in jap Afghanistan has struck a automobile carrying members of the Pakistan Taliban, killing a senior chief and three different members of the group, a number of Pakistani officers and the group mentioned.

Abdul Wali, also referred to as Omar Khalid Khorasani, was a prime commander of the Pakistan Taliban and was allegedly behind a number of the deadliest assaults in recent times.

Wali’s automobile was struck on Sunday night time by a roadside bomb within the Afghan province of Paktika, alongside the border with Pakistan, in line with Pakistani officers and the TTP members who spoke on situation of anonymity to The Related Press information company.

The three different males who have been killed included his driver and two of his shut aides, they mentioned.

Wali’s demise delivers an enormous blow to the armed group, identified formally because the Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP), and comes per week after a US drone raid in Kabul killed al-Qaeda chief Ayman al-Zawahiri.

Nobody instantly claimed duty for the Sunday night time killing of Wali, who was on the US State Division’s most-wanted checklist and carried a reward of as much as $3m for data on his whereabouts.

Pakistan Taliban on Monday confirmed the killing and blamed Pakistani intelligence brokers for it, with out providing proof or elaborating.

An extended assertion from the TTP is anticipated in a while Monday.

Wali is believed to have been near al-Qaeda founding chief Osama bin Laden and al-Zawahiri nevertheless it was not instantly identified if there was any hyperlink between the August 1 drone assault and Sunday night time’s bombing.

In 2014, Wali broke away from TTP and shaped his personal group, Jamaat-ul-Ahrar, which carried out a number of the deadliest assaults in Pakistan, together with a bombing within the jap metropolis of Lahore in 2016 that killed a minimum of 75 individuals from the minority Christian group on Easter Sunday.

The group additionally claimed duty for killing two Pakistani staff of the US Consulate within the northwestern metropolis of Peshawar in March 2016.

Khorasani later dissolved Jamaat-ul-Ahrar and rejoined the TTP within the group’s drive to reunify a number of estranged teams.

The US State Division described him as a former journalist and poet who studied at a number of non secular faculties in Pakistan.

There was a fragile truce between Islamabad and the TTP for the previous two months as peace talks brokered by the Afghan Taliban’s Haqqani community happen.

The TTP has launched armed assaults in Pakistan in the course of the previous 14 years, combating for stricter enforcement of Islamic legal guidelines within the nation, the discharge of their members who’re in authorities custody and a discount of the Pakistani navy presence within the nation’s tribal-dominated areas.

The group has killed practically 80,000 Pakistanis in virtually twenty years of violence, in line with official estimates.

Islamabad has demanded that the brand new Taliban rulers subsequent door stop armed teams from utilizing Afghan territory for assaults inside Pakistan.

Earlier than the Taliban takeover in Afghanistan, Islamabad and Kabul usually traded blame and accused one another of sheltering armed teams.

Pakistan says it has completed the development of greater than 93 % of a fence alongside the border with Afghanistan to stop cross-border assaults.

Al-Qaeda leader Ayman al-Zawahiri killed: How the world reacted | Al-Qaeda News

A round-up of worldwide response after the US stated a drone strike had killed al-Zawahiri in Kabul.

The USA says a CIA drone strike has killed al-Qaeda chief Ayman al-Zawahiri in Afghanistan’s capital, Kabul, within the largest blow to the group since its founder Osama bin Laden was killed in 2011.

An Egyptian surgeon with a $25m reward on his head, al-Zawahiri helped coordinate the September 11, 2001 attacks on the US that killed some 3,000 folks.

Right here is how the world reacted to al-Zawahiri’s killing on Sunday.

INTERACTIVE_AYMAN AL ZAWAHIRI

United States

In his televised handle on Monday asserting the killing of al-Zawahiri, US President Joe Biden stated the operation delivered justice and hopefully a measure of closure to households of the victims of the 2001 assaults on the US.

“Now justice has been delivered, and this terrorist chief is not any extra. Regardless of how lengthy it takes, irrespective of the place you conceal, if you’re a risk to our folks, america will discover you and take you out.”

Canada

In a put up on Twitter, Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau stated al-Zawahiri’s loss of life made the world a safer place.

“The loss of life of Ayman al-Zawahiri is a step towards a safer world. Canada will hold working with our international companions to counter terrorist threats, promote peace and safety, and hold folks right here at residence and world wide protected.”

Australia

Talking in Parliament, Australian Prime Minister Anthony Albanese listed the assorted assaults al-Zawahiri was blamed for, earlier than sending his ideas and prayers to the households of the victims.

“So many lives have been misplaced and a lot blood has been spilled since, together with all these Australians who served, sacrificed and gave their lives in Afghanistan,” stated Albanese.

“For twenty years, this man fled the implications of his crimes. Our ideas at the moment are with the family members of all of his victims.

“Might they discover some small solace within the information that he can not trigger extra grief by his acts of terror, and let terrorists see that Afghanistan won’t ever, ever be a protected haven for his or her hatred, their terrorism and their assaults on our humanity,” he added.

Saudi Arabia

Saudi state media quoted the dominion’s overseas minister, Prince Faisal bin Farhan Al Saud, as saying: “Al-Zawahiri is taken into account one of many leaders of terrorism that led the planning and execution of heinous terrorist operations in america and Saudi Arabia.”

Taliban

The Taliban, which seized energy in Afghanistan almost a yr in the past, confirmed the strike in Kabul, however didn’t title who had been focused. Spokesman Zabihullah Mujahid strongly condemned the assault, calling it a violation of “worldwide rules”.

Myanmar leader shops for support, weapons in Moscow | Military News

With each regimes more and more remoted on the world stage, Myanmar’s high basic has been in Moscow to fulfill senior officers from Russia’s defence ministry, pledging deeper navy ties and cooperation on nuclear power.

“They frankly exchanged views on additional promotion of current pleasant relations and military-technological cooperation,” Myanmar state media reported, following a gathering between Senior Basic Min Aung Hlaing and Russian defence minister Sergei Shoigu.

Russia has emerged as one of the crucial necessary backers of Myanmar’s navy, which seized energy in a coup in February 2021, regardless of a 2020 election victory by Aung San Suu Kyi’s Nationwide League for Democracy. The brand new regime has little worldwide legitimacy and has struggled to manage a rustic that erupted first in mass protests after which armed resistance towards its rule.

Even Russia has prevented giving formal recognition to the navy as the federal government of Myanmar, agreeing to permit the ambassador appointed by the overthrown authorities to maintain his seat on the United Nations. And whereas Min Aung Hlaing has made a number of journeys to Russia because the coup, he has not been granted a much-coveted viewers with President Vladimir Putin.

However whilst many Western nations have imposed sanctions on the navy, its leaders and enterprise pursuits, Russia and China have continued arming the regime, even because it turns its weapons by itself civilians, killing more than 2,000 people in lower than 18 months.

“The Putin regime is aiding and abetting the Myanmar navy’s struggle crimes and crimes towards humanity, which it’s committing every day with complete impunity,” stated Khin Ohmar, chairperson of human rights organisation Progressive Voice.

One of the crucial essential items of help has been to the regime’s air power, whose commander can also be a part of the delegation in Russia. The navy is dealing with fierce resistance from newly fashioned anti-coup armed teams, generally known as the Individuals’s Defence Forces (PDF), in addition to extra established ethnic armed organisations, which have fought for political autonomy for many years.

Whereas these allied teams have stunned many analysts with their battlefield victories because the coup, none has warplanes, so the navy’s air dominance offers it a definite benefit.

Anthony Davis, a Bangkok-based safety analyst, says the “navy’s present counterinsurgency marketing campaign depends critically on Russian and Soviet-era air frames” for assaults, provide traces, evacuations and troop transport.

“And not using a dependable provide of spare components, air-launched munitions not produced in-country, and a few coaching help, the air power would quickly be in deep trouble,” he added.

Civilians compelled out

The UN says some 700,000 people have been compelled from their houses because of the combating because the coup, with Min Aung Hlaing vowing to “annihilate” the navy’s opponents.

Earlier this month, native media outlet The Irrawaddy reported that two of six promised Russian Su-30 fighter jets arrived secretly in Myanmar in March.

On Thursday, Radio Free Asia reported that navy helicopters opened fireplace in Tabayin township in Sagaing area, a PDF stronghold, forcing 4,000 civilians to flee from 15 villages.

In a latest report, Amnesty Worldwide stated it documented eight air strikes concentrating on villages and a camp for internally displaced folks between January and March of this 12 months in Kayah and Karen states, the place outstanding ethnic armed teams function.

“In virtually all documented assaults, solely civilians seem to have been current,” the report stated.

Amnesty says the navy has used Russian MiG-29s and Yak-130s, and Chinese language F-7s and Okay-8s.

Indiscriminate air strikes are a key tactic of the illegitimate junta, because it wages a nationwide marketing campaign of terror. The junta makes use of Russian fighter jets and helicopter gunships to assault the folks of Myanmar and raze complete communities,” stated Ohmar, accusing Russia of profiteering from atrocities.

Davis says Russia “has been the primary beneficiary” of the navy’s efforts to keep away from over-reliance on China “significantly when it comes to gross sales of navy aviation”. He stated this sample of diversification started greater than a decade in the past.

Weapons on display at Armed Forces Day in Myanmar
Myanmar sources a lot of its weaponry from Russia and China [File: Nyein Chan Naing/EPA]

“Because the coup, perennial suspicions over rising Chinese language ambitions in Myanmar within the higher echelons of a now embattled navy have solely gone to underscore the advantages, political, navy and financial, of a closer relationship with Russia,” he stated.

The Myanmar navy additionally precipitated a stir by claiming Min Aung Hlaing mentioned the “peaceable use of nuclear power” throughout a gathering on his journey with Rosatom, Russia’s state-run nuclear power company, which additionally oversees nuclear weapons.

However Guillaume de Langre, a Myanmar power professional and former authorities adviser, dismisses talks of nuclear power as unrealistic.

“Myanmar doesn’t have a single nuclear scientist. So, both Russia is keen to construct and function energy vegetation and the complete provide chain, from gas to waste, or Myanmar has to spend the following decade coaching nuclear scientists,” he stated.

De Langre additionally argues the coup “put the facility sector on a freeway to chapter” and the navy regime “doesn’t have a lot credibility as a purchaser or as guarantor of the safety of infrastructure tasks”.

ASEAN defence assembly

Min Aung Hlaing’s week-long go to – state media reported he returned to Yangon on Saturday evening – comes at a time when the navy finds itself more and more remoted, and with Russia dealing with a world backlash over its February 24 invasion of Ukraine.

The Myanmar navy regime, identified formally because the State Administration Council (SAC), on Wednesday expelled the UK’s high diplomat after he refused to current credentials to Min Aung Hlaing and sought to downgrade his standing from ambassador to cost d’affaires advert interim.

The UK’s defence attaché for Myanmar tweeted that the regime was transferring “additional into the diplomatic wilderness”.

Even the Affiliation of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), lengthy identified for its coverage of not interfering in inner affairs, has given the SAC the chilly shoulder, refusing to permit Min Aung Hlaing or his international minister to attend high-level summits after the regime’s failure to make progress on a collectively agreed five-point plan to handle the disaster.

However some wish to see extra motion, together with the exclusion of the regime’s defence minister, who has been allowed to proceed attending ASEAN gatherings.

This month’s ASEAN counterterrorism assembly is to be co-hosted by Russia and Myanmar and can begin in Moscow on July 20.

“It’s absurd that ASEAN is permitting the aggressor Russia and the terrorist Myanmar navy to co-chair a counterterrorism assembly, which can solely gas their deplorable acts of terror,” Ohmar stated, urging democratic nations to boycott the occasion.

Australia and New Zealand have already pulled out of the assembly, however Japan, South Korea and the US haven’t but made their choices public, regardless of all three imposing sanctions on Moscow.

Myanmar’s navy is prone to politicise the assembly.

Throughout a earlier digital assembly in December, the navy included a session accusing its political opponents of “terrorism”, in response to emails from Australia’s Division of Defence, which have been obtained in a freedom of data request by campaigning group Justice for Myanmar.

“I urge their governments to … withdraw from that assembly and all future conferences with the Myanmar navy junta,” Ohmar stated.