Should the West be nervous about Turkey’s close ties with Russia? | Politics

From: Inside Story

Ankara and Moscow are shoring up their cooperation as Russia faces isolation and sanctions.

Russia and Turkey are reported to have agreed on the supply of a second batch of S-400 missiles.

Turkey’s determination in 2017 to buy the Russian air defence system was an indication of a deepening pragmatic – but sophisticated – relationship between Presidents Recep Tayyip Erdogan and Vladimir Putin.

Ankara continues to play what it calls a “balancing act” between Russia on one aspect, and NATO on the opposite.

However this doesn’t sit nicely with western international locations.

They’ve threatened to impose sanctions if Turkey continues to assist Russia evade sanctions over its conflict on Ukraine.

In order it wages conflict in Ukraine, how will Russia profit from the partnership?

Presenter: Kim Vinnell

Company:

Maximilian Hess – Fellow on the International Coverage Analysis Institute and an knowledgeable in Eurasian affairs

Liudmila Samarskaia – Specialist within the up to date historical past of the Center East and a analysis fellow on the Institute of World Financial system and Worldwide Relations

Sinan Ulgen – Former Turkish diplomat and director of Edam, a think-tank that focuses on Turkey’s international, safety, financial and digital coverage

Chinese survey ship docks in Sri Lanka after diplomatic standoff | Politics News

Yuan Wang 5 arrives in Sri Lanka’s Hambantota port after a delay amid reported issues from India and the US.

A Chinese language analysis ship has docked at a Sri Lankan port after a days-long delay, reportedly due to issues raised by India and the USA.

The Yuan Wang 5 entered Sri Lanka’s Hambantota port on Tuesday morning, and was welcomed by Chinese language diplomats and port officers, in line with the Colombo Gazette.

The satellite tv for pc monitoring ship was initially scheduled to reach in Hambantota port, a facility constructed and leased by Chinese language firms and positioned on the southern tip of Sri Lanka, on August 11.

However the Sri Lankan international ministry deferred the five-day replenishment go to on August 8, citing “sure issues”, apparently on account of protests from New Delhi and Washington, in line with media stories.

The Reuters information company, citing a authorities supply, mentioned India objected to the ship’s go to, with Indian media describing the 730-foot vessel (222.5 metres) as a dual-use spy ship. The Pentagon, in its newest report on China’s navy, had mentioned the Yuan Wang vessels are operated by the Strategic Assist Pressure of the Folks’s Liberation Military. It mentioned the ships can be utilized to watch satellite tv for pc, rocket and ballistic missile launches.

India’s international ministry, nevertheless, rejected stories that it pressured Sri Lanka to show the Yuan Wang away.

Arindam Bagchi, spokesman for India’s international ministry, mentioned on Friday that “we reject categorically the ‘insinuation’ and such assertion about India”. He added, “Sri Lanka is a sovereign nation and makes its personal unbiased selections.”

The Washington Put up, in the meantime, reported that US officers had additionally lobbied towards the ship’s deliberate go to.

Citing a Sri Lankan authorities official, the Put up mentioned a Chinese language navy ship arriving at Hambantota was not strategically vital, however that Indian and US officers had argued that it will be “seen as Sri Lanka giving particular therapy to China, a serious creditor,” at a time when the nation is grappling with its worst-ever financial disaster and making an attempt to renegotiate its worldwide debt.

China, which has been vying for affect in Sri Lanka, is the nation’s largest creditor and has offered the nation prior to now with billions of {dollars} for growth initiatives, together with for the development of the Hambantota port. Sri Lanka has since been struggling to repay the loans, and in 2017, handed over industrial actions on the $1.5bn port to a Chinese language firm for 99 years in change for debt reduction. On the time, the transfer raised concern in India that China might use the port as a navy base.

There was no official remark from the US on the Put up’s claims.

Amid the diplomatic standoff, the Yuang Wang 5 reportedly lowered velocity and rotated at sea, and China’s international ministry mentioned it was “utterly unjustified for sure nations to quote the so-called ‘safety issues’ to stress Sri Lanka”.

It additionally urged “the related events to see China’s marine scientific analysis actions in a rational gentle and cease disrupting regular change and cooperation between China and Sri Lanka”.

In the end, Sri Lanka’s international ministry on Saturday announced it had permitted a port name.

The ministry mentioned in an announcement that it had “engaged in in depth consultations at a excessive stage by means of diplomatic channels with all events involved”.

The ship could be allowed to remain in Sri Lanka till August 22, it mentioned, on the situation that it will hold its identification techniques on and wouldn’t perform any analysis actions within the nation’s waters.

It added that its intention was to “safeguard the professional pursuits of all nations” and was grateful for the help from companions at a time when the nation was making an attempt to deal with its extreme financial challenges.

Germany’s ex-Chancellor Schroeder sues parliament over privileges | Politics News

The 78-year-old is demanding he be given again a parliamentary workplace within the lawsuit filed with a Berlin court docket.

Former German Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder is suing the nation’s parliament in a bid to revive particular privileges he was stripped of in Could, in line with his lawyer.

The 78-year-old is demanding he be given again a parliamentary workplace within the lawsuit filed with the Berlin Administrative Court docket, his Hanover-based lawyer Michael Nagel instructed DPA information company on Friday.

A German parliamentary finances committee in Could dominated Schroeder, lengthy the topic of fierce criticism in Germany for his ties to Russia, should surrender his proper to an workplace on the Bundestag, although he was to proceed to obtain his pension and safety element.

The previous chancellor’s authorized crew is arguing that the Bundestag finances committee’s resolution to chop funding for Schroeder’s parliamentary workplace and wind it down was unlawful, in line with a press release from the legislation agency obtained by DPA.

It’s “claimed that retired Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder is now not exercising his so-called ‘remaining official duties’. Nevertheless, it’s not specified what ‘remaining official duties’ are in any respect, learn how to decide whether or not they’re exercised or not exercised and moreover which process should be adhered to on this regard,” the assertion learn.

Involvement with Russia

The previous chancellor, who was in workplace between 1998 and 2005, has been criticised for years for his involvement with Russian state-owned firms and is taken into account a detailed private buddy of Russian President Vladimir Putin.

The stress on Schroeder to distance himself from Putin elevated after Russia’s full-scale invasion of neighbouring Ukraine.

In Could, Schroeder lastly introduced that he would depart the supervisory board of the Russian power large Rosneft. He additionally turned down a nomination for a supervisory board place at Gazprom, one other Russian power large.

His centre-left SPD social gathering determined there have been no grounds to expel him from the social gathering on Monday after a number of weeks of consideration.

The committee within the northern German metropolis of Hanover stated Schroeder didn’t violate the social gathering guidelines of the SPD by partaking with Russian state-owned firms, which means there isn’t any foundation for expulsion and even reprimand.

Colombia’s next defence minister faces ‘a hell of a fight’ | Politics News

Bogota, Colombia – Ivan Velasquez first made a reputation for himself as a prosecutor in Medellin within the Nineties, when he reportedly refused to simply accept a briefcase of cash from Pablo Escobar to drop investigations into the drug lord’s lifetime of luxurious in jail.

He gained prominence by investigating the ties between Colombian paramilitary forces, politicians and the enterprise neighborhood on the top of the civil conflict. His work in the end led to the conviction of greater than 60 politicians, together with the cousin of former President Alvaro Uribe. And he’s no stranger to non-public danger: Throughout a landmark probe into monetary ties between the enterprise neighborhood in Antioquia and paramilitary teams, 14 investigators in his workplace have been murdered.

On August 7, Velasquez will turn out to be defence minister within the administration of President-elect Gustavo Petro. He’ll take workplace amid a bunch of safety challenges: rising violence in rural areas with little or no state presence, document coca manufacturing, and legal armed teams who’ve grown in energy because the nation’s historic 2016 peace accord with rebels from the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC).

Petro, who will turn out to be the primary leftist president in Colombia’s fashionable historical past, vowed on the marketing campaign path to considerably reform police and army forces. His appointment of Velasquez, who additionally labored as the highest United Nations official on the International Commission against Impunity in Guatemala, sends a strong message that he intends to comply with by means of.

The appointment has sparked harsh criticism from Petro’s critics, who view his previous as a rebel fighter with deep suspicion. Velasquez “has taken a robust place towards these of us within the army”, Raul Musse Pencue, a retired profession soldier, informed Al Jazeera. “We concern he’ll usher in a widespread persecution of army personnel who’ve undergone investigations associated to their on a regular basis duties as troopers in service to their nation.”

CICIG
An activist in Guatemala Metropolis holding an indication that reads in Spanish ‘Thanks CICIG’ – the Spanish acronym for the Worldwide Fee Towards Impunity [File: Moises Castillo/AP]

Proper-wing Senator Paloma Valencia went additional, telling native media that the appointment “exhibits a whole absence of democratic ensures … [and] places all of our lives at risk”.

However individuals who have labored carefully with Velasquez in each Colombia and Guatemala paint a really totally different image: one in every of a soft-spoken and apolitical anti-corruption crusader who at all times retains a cool head, even throughout occasions of maximum private hazard.

“He isn’t politically motivated,” Gregorio Oviedo, a prosecutor who labored alongside Velasquez in Medellin, informed Al Jazeera. “His total profession, he has advocated for human rights. He is aware of the way to lead. He is aware of the way to examine, and most significantly, he is aware of what it’s to reside and work in areas of the nation most politicians solely examine from Bogota.”

Stephen McFarland, the previous US ambassador to Guatemala, additionally welcomed the appointment: “Uribe has accused him of getting a political agenda. So long as I’ve recognized him, his solely agenda has been to construct a clear and unbiased justice system.”

‘Highly effective message’

Velasquez’s work has made him many enemies. His workplace in Medellin was illegally bugged by Colombian intelligence and his safety staff infiltrated. His private bodyguard on the time was a spy for the nation’s Administrative Division of Safety, which was dissolved in 2011 after a spate of circumstances of unlawful surveillance of journalists, human rights employees, politicians and judges went public.

He reportedly evaded a kidnapping try in Guatemala when authorities officers allegedly tried to deport him extrajudicially, and he has endured numerous loss of life threats towards each himself and his household in each international locations.

Velasquez’s anti-corruption work in Guatemala led to profitable convictions towards ex-President Otto Perez Molina, his former vice chairman, seven ministers, and dozens of politicians and businessmen. Velasquez was declared persona non grata by then-President Jimmy Morales in 2017 and exiled from the nation.

“He arrested high-level businessmen for monetary crimes – folks from the richest households in Guatemala,” McFarland informed Al Jazeera. “Individuals who earlier than Velasquez arrived thought they have been untouchable.”

Petro
Colombia’s President-elect Gustavo Petro lately spoke to college students at Externado College in Bogota, Colombia [Fernando Vergara/AP]

Petro, who often denounced corruption whereas he was on the marketing campaign path, “is sending a strong message that the times of impunity, when the federal government would possibly flip a blind eye to the excesses of public forces, are over”, Oviedo stated. “Civilian legislation will probably be revered.”

Abuses by police and army forces have come below rising scrutiny in recent times, as official investigations have revealed disturbing particulars of rights abuses, together with the “false positives” scandal by which greater than 6,400 civilians were killed by security forces, who falsely claimed the victims have been enemy combatants.

Velasquez has expressed help for Petro’s plan to position police, who at the moment report back to army command as a part of the defence ministry, below civilian management. The reform was really helpful by the UN final 12 months after an investigation into police violence throughout nationwide protests, the place dozens were killed in a crackdown by security forces.

Petro has additionally promised to reimplement points of the 2016 peace deal that have been delayed or dismantled by the outgoing administration of Ivan Duque. As a part of his efforts to implement “whole peace”, Petro has supplied to negotiate new disarmament talks with rebels who weren’t a part of the FARC peace deal. However this plan additionally entails dialogue with teams such because the Gulf Clan, which has grown more and more aggressive, shutting down giant parts of the nation by pressure and killing dozens of law enforcement officials.

Will they be keen to barter with an ex-guerilla president and a prosecutor who has focused them for many years? Oviedo isn’t sure, however he notes that Velasquez “has the willpower, the power, and the expertise to take the primary steps in direction of actual justice in Colombia. However he’s in for a hell of a struggle.”

US House Speaker Pelosi begins Asia tour, no mention of Taiwan | Politics News

US Home of Representatives Speaker Nancy Pelosi begins a tour of 4 Asian international locations on Sunday, her workplace has stated, without mentioning Taiwan amid hypothesis she may go to the self-ruled island claimed by China.

“Speaker Nancy Pelosi is main a Congressional delegation to the Indo-Pacific area, together with visits to Singapore, Malaysia, South Korea and Japan,” her workplace stated in a press release on Sunday.

The assertion stated the go to would come with these international locations, however didn’t specify whether or not Pelosi, who’s quantity three within the line of United States presidential succession, may make different stops.

“The journey will concentrate on mutual safety, financial partnership and democratic governance within the Indo-Pacific area,” it stated.

Gregory Meeks, chair of the US Home Committee on International Affairs, was among the many delegation listed.

China views visits by US officers to Taiwan as sending an encouraging sign to the pro-independence camp on the island. Washington doesn’t have official diplomatic ties with Taiwan, however is certain by regulation to offer the island with the means to defend itself.

A go to by Pelosi can be a dramatic, although not unprecedented, present of US assist for Taiwan. Republican Newt Gingrich was the final Home speaker to go to Taiwan in 1997.

Chinese language President Xi Jinping warned his US counterpart Joe Biden on Thursday that Washington ought to abide by the one-China precept and “those that play with hearth will perish by it”.

Biden instructed Xi that US coverage on Taiwan had not modified and that Washington strongly opposes unilateral efforts to vary the established order or undermine peace and stability throughout the Taiwan Strait.

Al Jazeera’s White Home Correspondent Kimberly Halkett stated that whereas Pelosi’s journey schedule has been introduced, there’s a risk that Taiwan might be added to the record of nations on the final minute.

“Given the truth that there has been controversy, it’s not stunning that it’s not on the preliminary schedule,” Halkett stated.

“The message from the Chinese language authorities [during Thursday’s two-hour phone call] was very clear to the US facet: that any kind of go to by the home speaker can be seen as meddling in Chinese language affairs. There was a powerful warning that has been issued, however in the end it’s as much as the home speaker on whether or not or not she’s going to make that journey.”

Taiwan’s overseas ministry stated on Friday after the decision between Xi and Biden that Taiwan would proceed to deepen its shut safety partnership with the US.

Chinese language air pressure spokesman Shen Jinke was quoted by state media as saying on Sunday that Beijing would “resolutely safeguard nationwide sovereignty and territorial integrity”.

Shen stated at a navy airshow that the air pressure has many varieties of fighter jets able to circling “the valuable island of our motherland”, referring to Taiwan.

He stated China’s “air pressure has the agency will, full confidence and ample functionality to defend nationwide sovereignty and territorial integrity”.

A touch upon Friday by a Folks’s Liberation Military unit on Weibo, China’s Twitter-like social media platform – “Put together for struggle!” – obtained 1.87 million thumbs-ups.

South China Sea

As US plane provider USS Ronald Reagan and its strike group returned to the South China Sea by Thursday, China ramped up navy workouts within the neighborhood.

On Saturday, Chinese language navy held live-firing drills within the waters off Fujian province, greater than 100km (62 miles) away from Taiwan, in line with native authorities.

The Chinese language coast guard will maintain an train within the South China Sea off Guangzhou province on Monday, in line with one other discover by the Maritime Security Administration.

Outstanding Chinese language commentator Hu Xijin stated on Saturday that he deleted a tweet warning of navy retaliation ought to US fighter jets escort Pelosi on a Taiwan go to, after Twitter blocked his account.

White Home nationwide safety spokesperson John Kirby stated on Friday that the US has seen no proof of looming Chinese language navy exercise towards Taiwan.

On Wednesday, Biden instructed reporters he thought the US navy believed a Pelosi go to to Taiwan was “not a good suggestion proper now”.

Pelosi’s Asian tour comes at a politically delicate time for Chinese language and US leaders.

Xi is anticipated to hunt a precedent-breaking third time period at a Nationwide Folks’s Congress later this yr, whereas within the US, Biden’s Democratic Get together will face a tough battle to retain management of the US Home of Representatives at November’s midterm elections.

What’s next for the January 6 investigation – and for Democrats? | Politics

From: The Bottom Line

Republicans are focusing the talk on crime and inflation forward of November’s vote. What’s the Democratic platform?

Whose message is swaying American voters within the lead-up to the midterm elections later this yr?

Republicans need to focus consideration on crime, immigration and inflation. Latest polls point out that former President Donald Trump would win in opposition to President Joe Biden if presidential elections had been held right now. That is regardless of the year-long efforts of a Democratic Occasion-led panel that has been investigating Trump’s involvement within the efforts to reverse his election loss in 2020.

Host Steve Clemons asks Democratic Congressman Brendan Boyle concerning the January 6 investigation, and his celebration’s prospects for holding onto energy after November.

‘Yes’ vote wins Tunisia landslide, but critics question support | Politics News

The opposition says the low turnout for the constitutional referendum reveals President Kais Saied’s weak spot.

Tunis, Tunisia – Outcomes present that Tunisians have voted to approve a brand new structure proposed by President Kais Saied, however the nation’s opposition says the low turnout of solely about 30 p.c reveals the president’s weak spot and the illegitimacy of the method.

In accordance with preliminary outcomes introduced by the Tunisian Impartial Greater Election Authority (ISIE) on Tuesday night, 94.6 p.c of voters authorized the constitution.

A monthlong attraction course of will now be held earlier than the ultimate result’s introduced on the August finish.

The low turnout got here amid a boycott marketing campaign from the Tunisian opposition, which says the brand new structure will probably lead Tunisia again to one-man rule, because it modifications the nation from a hybrid parliamentary system to a hyper-presidential one, and removes various checks and balances.

Farouk Bouasker, the pinnacle of the ISIE, steered away from discussing voter turnout after many members of the opposition emphasised that almost all of Tunisians not solely didn’t vote for Saied, however additionally they didn’t have interaction in his referendum course of.

Farouk Bouasker, President of the Independent High Authority for Elections, speaks during the announcement of the preliminary results of a referendum on a new constitution in Tunis,
ISIE President Farouk Bouasker publicizes the preliminary outcomes of the referendum on a brand new structure in Tunis, Tunisia, July 26, 2022 [Tarek Amara/Reuters]

Saied, who mentioned on Monday that folks had been free to skip the referendum, insisted the brand new doc will hold the freedoms enshrined within the 2014 iteration of the structure, including his modifications are essential to weaken a “corrupt” political elite.

The populist, who got here into energy in 2019, retains a powerful help base from Tunisians uninterested in the financial and political crises which have dominated the nation for the reason that 2011 revolution, however has misplaced help since he suspended parliament and dissolved the federal government final July.

Saied will proceed to have the ability to rule by decree till parliamentary elections are held in December.

Considerations and questions

In a information convention, Nejib Chebbi, a number one member of the opposition Nationwide Salvation Entrance, mentioned low turnout “de-legitimises the general course of”.

His feedback had been echoed by the founding father of the US-based Middle for Analysis of Islam and Democracy, Radwan Masmoudi.

“You may’t approve or undertake a brand new structure with lower than 30 p.c of the voters,” he advised Al Jazeera. “In actuality, the numbers are far smaller, however the ISIE was beneath his [Saied’s] management, particularly within the inside of the nation, and rigged the leads to his favour as was anticipated.”

Questions have abounded about how correct the outcomes and the official turnout are, significantly as few election observers have been current.

Internationally, the response to the referendum has been muted.

US Division of State spokesman Ned Worth mentioned Washington was conscious of considerations amongst civil society organisations and politicians concerning the lack of an “inclusive and clear course of and the restricted scope for real public debate through the drafting of the brand new structure”.

He added: “We additionally word considerations that the brand new structure contains weakened checks and balances that would compromise the safety of human rights and elementary freedoms.”

Assist for Saied

Polls have repeatedly proven that regardless of a pointy drop in Saied’s approval score, he would nonetheless be the most well-liked presidential candidate if an election had been to be referred to as.

“It’s not that Saied is common it’s simply that he’s politically stronger than the others,” political writer Amine Snoussi advised Al Jazeera. “Meaning that there’s a political house for different actors to put in and revenue from.”

The voters Al Jazeera spoke to at polling stations earlier than the rely mentioned their largest concern was the way forward for their kids or grandchildren. Many have excessive expectations, and so they hope that Saied will make drastic modifications to the nation.

However Snoussi fears what would possibly occur now that Saied has all of the powers of the state in his fingers.

“I feel he’s going to rule simply as he dominated for the final yr, however now he has the legislation with him, now he has each instrument he wants to put in an authoritarian regime,” he defined.

Macron says France to open archives on Cameroon colonial era | Politics News

Talking in Cameroon, French president asks historians to analyze the previous and set up ‘obligations’.

France’s President Emmanuel Macron has mentioned the archives on French colonial rule in Cameroon can be opened “in full” and requested historians to make clear the interval’s “painful moments”.

Macron, talking within the Cameroonian capital Yaounde on Tuesday, mentioned he needed historians from each nations to work collectively on investigating the previous and set up “obligations”.

French colonial authorities brutally repressed armed Cameroonian nationalists earlier than the nation’s independence in 1960.

Tens of hundreds of supporters of the Union of the Peoples of Cameroon (UPC) occasion, together with independence chief Ruben Um Nyobe, had been killed by the French military.

The Cameroonian military beneath the nation’s first post-independence chief Ahmadou Ahidjo additionally killed UPC fighters.

Former President Francois Hollande in 2015 conceded that France’s colonial previous in Cameroon introduced “tragic” moments and mentioned he was open to opening the archives.

A gaggle of Cameroonian political events on Monday referred to as on Macron to recognise the “crimes” France dedicated through the colonial period.

Macron’s feedback got here on the first leg of a trip to three African countries the place he hopes to reset France’s relations with the continent, the place many countries are former French colonies.

The French chief is because of journey to Benin on Wednesday earlier than ending his journey in Guinea-Bissau.

France's President Emmanuel Macron leaves the Presidential Palace after his meeting with Cameroon's President in Yaounde, on July 26, 2022. - Emmanuel Macron in on a three-day African tour in Cameroon, Benin and Guinea-Bissau. (Photo by Ludovic MARIN / AFP)
France’s President Emmanuel Macron leaves the presidential palace after his assembly with Cameroon’s president in Yaounde [Ludovic Marin/AFP]

The 44-year-old has made concerted efforts to show the web page on painful episodes in France’s previous.

The primary French president born after Algeria’s bitter and protracted independence battle ended, Macron referred to as the colonisation of the nation “a criminal offense in opposition to humanity” and mentioned it was time France “seemed our previous within the face”.

He additionally commissioned a report by Algerian-born French historian Benjamin Stora on the colonial period within the North African nation, though he ruled out making an official apology.

In 2021, France returned more than a dozen artefacts looted from Benin by colonial forces in 1892, soothing a supply of friction between Paris and its former colony.

Meals disaster considered one of Russia’s ‘weapons of battle’

Macron additionally described the worldwide meals disaster as considered one of Russia’s “weapons of battle” throughout his go to to Cameroon, dismissing ideas Western sanctions had been in charge.

Cameroon, like many creating nations, is grappling with sharp will increase in costs for oil, fertiliser and foodstuffs. Extreme gas shortages hit the capital Yaounde final week resulting in lengthy queues at petrol stations.

Macron’s tour of Africa can also be meant to assist increase agricultural manufacturing amid the rising meals insecurity linked to the battle in Ukraine.

 

African governments have largely prevented taking sides and refused to affix Western condemnation and sanctions.

On the identical time, anti-French sentiment is rising in France’s former West African colonies, the place safety issues following a string of coups are stoking frustration and swinging public opinion in favour of Russia.

“We’re blamed by some who say that European sanctions [on Russia] are the reason for the world meals disaster, together with in Africa. It’s completely false,” Macron mentioned throughout a gathering with the French neighborhood in Cameroon.

“Meals, like power, have turn into Russian weapons of battle … We should assist the African continent to supply extra for itself,” Macron mentioned.

Many African nations are depending on Russian grain and power, however in addition they purchase Ukrainian grain, which has been disrupted by the battle.

Moscow has denied accountability for the meals disaster, blaming Western sanctions for slowing its meals and fertiliser exports and Ukraine for mining the approaches to its ports.

Cameroon, a mineral-rich Central African nation, is a major meals producer for the area and Macron’s delegation will search funding alternatives within the agricultural sector by a Meals and Agriculture Resilience Mission initiative launched in March with the African Union to spice up meals manufacturing.

Why has Mbeki lashed out at Ramaphosa? | Politics

From: Inside Story

The previous president warns that South Africa is heading for its personal Arab Spring.

It was an unprecedented outspoken assault on his personal social gathering and its chief.

Thabo Mbeki warned that at some point South Africa goes to “explode”.

Citing excessive ranges of poverty and joblessness, Mbeki – who succeeded Nelson Mandela as democratic South Africa’s second president in 1999 – says South Africa is heading for its personal Arab Spring.

He has blamed President Cyril Ramaphosa and the governing African Nationwide Congress for failing to handle the legacy of apartheid.

However what has prompted his remarks, and why now?

Presenter: Bernard Smith

Friends:

Dakota Legoete – Nationwide spokesman of the African Nationwide Congress

Mmusi Maimane – Former chief of South Africa’s primary opposition social gathering

William Gumede – Affiliate professor on the faculty of governance on the College of the Witwatersrand

Will Tunisia’s constitutional referendum lead to turmoil? | Politics

From: Inside Story

Rivals worry president’s plan to ‘appropriate the course of the revolution’ will dismantle democracy.

Protesters in Tunisia say Monday’s referendum on constitutional reforms is unlawful.

The proposed modifications would sideline parliament and take away most checks on the president’s energy.

Opposition teams say it’s a return to autocracy.

If accepted, the brand new structure would finish the hybrid presidential-parliamentary system blamed for the political infighting that paralysed Tunisia’s post-revolution governments.

What sort of political system does the brand new structure suggest?

Presenter: Bernard Smith

Visitors:

Amine Snoussi – Political analyst and journalist

Mohamed-Dhia Hammami – Researcher at Syracuse Univesity’s Maxwell College

Zaid al-Ali – Founding father of the Arab Affiliation of Constitutional Regulation