Israeli air strikes in Syria kill three soldiers: State media | Syria’s War News

Newest Israeli strikes goal websites across the capital Damascus and south of the coastal Tartus province.

Israeli air strikes on Syria killed three troopers and wounded three others in Israel’s newest assault on the war-torn nation.conf

State media stated air defence forces have been confronting what it stated have been Israeli bombing raids geared toward targets within the neighborhood of the Syrian coastal province of Tartus.

“The aggression led to the demise of three troopers, the wounding of three others,” Syria’s official information company SANA stated, quoting an unnamed navy supply.

Since civil struggle broke out in Syria in 2011, Israel has carried out a whole lot of air strikes contained in the nation, focusing on authorities positions in addition to allied Iran-backed forces and Hezbollah fighters.

Its forces have been additionally confronting “hostile targets” over the Qalamoun mountains close to the border with Lebanon, SANA reported.

A Syrian navy assertion stated there have been two simultaneous Israeli assaults – one a missile assault focusing on the countryside close to the capital, Damascus, carried out from the route of southeast of the Lebanese capital, Beirut.

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights struggle monitor additionally gave the identical toll of killed and wounded from the second strikes close to an air defence base in Tartus province, the place Iranian-backed teams are energetic.

The focused website in Tartus is positioned 8km (5 miles) from a Russian base, stated the monitor, which has a large community of sources in Syria.

It stated ambulances had rushed to the scene of the strikes in Tartus.

In early July, Syria’s defence ministry stated an Israeli raid performed from the Mediterranean Sea close to the city of Al-Hamadiyah, south of Tartus city, had wounded two civilians.

On Friday, Israeli shelling wounded two civilians in southern Syria close to the occupied Golan Heights, in keeping with state media.

Final month, an Israeli strike close to Damascus killed three Syrian soldiers, state media stated on the time. The Syrian Observatory stated that strike focused a navy facility and an “Iranian weapons depot”.

After the newest incident, Israeli authorities informed AFP information company they “don’t touch upon reviews within the overseas media”.

Whereas Israel not often feedback on individual strikes in Syria, the navy has defended them as essential to forestall its arch-foe Iran from gaining a foothold on its doorstep.

The battle in Syria began with the brutal repression of peaceable protests and escalated to drag in overseas powers and fighters.

The struggle has killed almost half 1,000,000 individuals and compelled half of the nation’s pre-war inhabitants from their houses.

Russia’s navy intervention in 2015 helped flip the struggle in favour of Syria’s President Bashar al-Assad, whose forces as soon as solely managed one-fifth of the nation.

Inside a 700-year-old ‘groom market’ in India’s Bihar state | Arts and Culture News

Madhubani, India – Within the scorching warmth of a July afternoon in japanese India’s Bihar state, a person in his mid-thirties nervously stands within the nook of a discipline. Carrying a pink shirt and black trousers, he waits in anticipation. It’s a large day for him.

Nirbhay Chandra Jha, 35, has travelled greater than 100km (62 miles), all the way in which from Begusarai to Madhubani district within the hope of discovering an appropriate bride for himself in Saurath, a village well-known for its “sabha” or annual “groom market”.

Any second now, Jha expects a lady’s household to return to him and begin negotiations for a dowry. The aspiring groom stands there on public show, with a modest dowry tag of fifty,000 rupees ($630).

“Had I been youthful, I may have simply requested for 2-3 lakh rupees [$2,500-3,700],” he advised Al Jazeera.

Nirbhay is a Maithil Brahmin, a subgroup inside Hindu Brahmins residing within the Mithilanchal area of Bihar. The Brahmin neighborhood is the dominant social group within the complicated Hindu caste hierarchy and has loved historic privileges.

Hindu endogamy norms typically prohibit marriages throughout the similar clan however encourage alliances throughout the similar caste group, the explanation why such bonds are largely “organized” by the households.

Nirbhay works as a supervisor at a manufacturing unit, with a steady revenue, which he believes makes him a good selection for a husband.

India groom market
Nirbhay Chandra Jha has come to the occasion on the lookout for a bride [Ismat Ara/Al Jazeera]

Dowry, although unlawful in India, is prevalent and has a high social acceptance, particularly in Bihar and the adjoining northern state of Uttar Pradesh. Specialists estimate the overall worth of dowry funds in a 12 months in India is $5bn – equal to India’s annual spending on public well being.

Close by, about 20 males sit below the bushes, calmly discussing the turnout of grooms on this season of “Saurath Sabha”, which they are saying is among the world’s oldest matrimonial websites.

Although such traditions have largely disappeared in India, the one in Madhubani – a part of Bihar’s Mithilanchal area – appears to have survived modernity.

‘Groom market’

On this distinctive 700-year-old custom, the aspiring husbands stand in public show, and the male guardians of ladies, normally the daddy or brother, choose the groom. Usually, the bride has no say within the course of.

“It’s as if the bride’s household can simply store for a groom they like if they’ll pay the required dowry. It is sort of a groom market,” a person who lived in an adjoining village advised Al Jazeera.

For Maithil Brahmins, the occasion is sacred.

Locals say the possible brides’ households go to the village with out declaring their intent and observe the lads secretly from afar. As soon as they’ve made their selections, they put a Mithila gamchha, a purple scarf, over the chosen groom to make a public assertion about his choice.

“It’s akin to holding a handkerchief on a bus seat,” says Madhubani resident Jyoti Raman Jha, referring to a first-come-first-serve system on public transports.

India groom market
A ‘panjikar’ or conventional record-keeper, reads household data maintained over centuries [Ismat Ara/Al Jazeera]

The skinny attendance on the occasion speaks of the waning affect of the custom. Nonetheless, the assembly place for one of many highest castes amongst Hindus nonetheless attracts individuals struggling to seek out matches from a tiny pool of prospects.

Some say there was open bidding for grooms within the olden days – with various dowry tags. The extra prestigious the career of the groom, the upper the demand for dowry. Engineers, docs and authorities staff had been most wanted.

By their seems, the lads now primarily appear to be from villages who’ve taken a unprecedented curiosity in holding the custom alive. But it surely has not been straightforward.

Financial progress and migration to cities have uprooted many Indians from familial land. Dad and mom additionally now have lesser management over their kids’s matrimonial selections. With low-cost web entry, organized matchmaking has more and more shifted on-line. India has among the greatest matrimonial web sites on this planet.

The Saurath gathering, nevertheless, is a remnant of an organized marriage system that is still unpolluted by technological development.

The occasion is held beside a pond within the village, lined with dozens of peepal, banyan and mango bushes. An enormous however unused nicely, freshly painted with an Indian flag, stands as a reminder of the olden days. An historical Hindu temple stands subsequent to the pond.

A brilliant yellow banner, with “Saurath Sabha” written in Hindi in daring purple, welcomes the attendees as they trickle in. The legend goes that when 100,000 Brahmins would attain the location, the age-old peepal tree would shed all its leaves.

“Within the earlier days, buses would run throughout the state to deliver individuals to the sabha,” Swaraj Chaudhary, 50, advised Al Jazeera. “Now, hardly a couple of hundred grooms collect throughout the occasion.”

The dowry menace

Villager Shekhar Chandra Mishra, one of many organisers of the sabha, blames the media and politicians for its decline.

“The media painted our sabha as a market the place males had been offered like cattle and had open dowry tags. Phrases like Brahmin ‘dulha bazaar’ [groom market] turned widespread,” he advised Al Jazeera.

India groom market
A guide of household data maintained by the panjikars [Ismat Ara/Al Jazeera]

Mishra, nevertheless, doesn’t draw back from acknowledging that the occasion has been propagating an open dowry tradition for hundreds of years.

“These days, dowry isn’t checked out kindly however nonetheless occurs below the desk,” he says. “If mother and father have invested cash in making their son an engineer or a health care provider, they might need a return on the funding, and dowry is seen as one of many methods to do it.”

Dowry is a large menace in Bihar and dowry deaths and killings are widespread regardless of varied governments launching anti-dowry campaigns. In response to the Nationwide Crime Data Bureau knowledge from 2020, Bihar recorded greater than 1,000 dowry deaths, the second highest within the nation.

A latest marketing campaign by the Bihar authorities urged individuals to make an anti-dowry declaration on their wedding ceremony playing cards. It’s not unusual to see partitions of properties, companies and authorities workplaces painted with graffiti asking individuals to shun dowry.

The menace even gave delivery to a curious development within the area, known as “pakadwa vivah” or captive marriage, which noticed males being kidnapped by a bride’s household to be married at gunpoint to keep away from dowry. Such kidnappings are nonetheless being reported.

Folks on the occasion recall the times when hundreds of grooms would come sporting purple garments, able to be married off after a dowry negotiation was reached. “With out dowry, grooms wouldn’t comply with get married,” says a person.

One other man intervenes. “One shouldn’t be shocked to listen to in regards to the prevalence of dowry within the sabha. Dowry is regular in India and the sabha is simply reflective of that,” he says.

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A banner welcoming the guests to the ‘groom market’ [Ismat Ara/Al Jazeera]

One of many causes, locals say, for the dwindling attendance on the sabha is rising intercaste marriages by the Brahmins, regionally known as “urhar shadi”, or love marriage.

Manish Jha, 31, from Darbhanga in Bihar, is amongst those that married outdoors his caste. His marriage to a Rajput girl confronted a lot opposition from his household and the neighborhood.

“I used to be even put at gunpoint as soon as. However I beloved her a lot,” he advised Al Jazeera, including that he married his spouse amid dying threats. They now have a son collectively.

“The brand new era of the neighborhood doesn’t wish to prohibit itself. They wish to marry the individual they love, it doesn’t matter what their caste,” he says.

Waning custom

Regardless of that, Manish believes the Saurath Sabha must be preserved as an essential cultural entity of Mithilanchal.

“It additionally helps the poor in producing income. Throughout the sabha, many individuals earn sufficient for the subsequent few months,” he says.

Ghanshyam, a carpenter and due to this fact belonging to a decrease Hindu caste, sells tea close to the location of the sabha. He says throughout the olden days, shopkeepers would rejoice right now of the 12 months with their gross sales rocketing.

“However now the quantity of people that attend are fewer. Earlier, my father tells me, the sabha can be sufficient to generate income for six months,” he says.

Sonu, one other shopkeeper, says whereas gross sales would go up by a notch throughout the occasion, it didn’t account for a lot lately.

Some attending the gathering say the benefit of web matchmaking doesn’t enchantment to them.

Muktinath Pathak, father of an aspiring groom, believes getting married on the Saurath Sabha will likely be safer for his son Amarjeet than a matrimonial web site.

“When the wedding is finished on-line, there’s a danger of divorce and separation, however not when traditions are adopted,” he says as he disappears into the group.

India groom market
Mehek Pandey, proper, sits along with her brother and mom on the occasion [Ismat Ara/Al Jazeera]

The organisers declare the tactic of the Saurath Sabha is means forward of science because the standing rule right here is to keep away from marrying throughout the similar clan. Derived from the traditional Hindu textual content of Manusmriti, locals imagine marriage throughout the similar clan results in “impure” kids.

Madhubani resident Jyoti explains that with a view to discover a match on the occasion, one has to first strategy a panjikar, a conventional record-keeper or registrar, who maintains data of Maithil Brahmin households for hundreds of years with a view to guarantee there is no such thing as a blood relationship between potential {couples}.

The panjikar system strictly dictates that the bride and groom should not be associated by blood for seven generations on their father’s aspect and 5 generations from the mom’s.

As soon as the registrar approves a match for a beneficiant price, the mother and father go forward with marriage preparations.

Pramod Kumar Mishra, a panjikar who has pitched a tent on the sabha, says he himself was married there in 2003. “I used to be chosen by my spouse’s household. We live fortunately now,” he says.

The panjikars nonetheless preserve a thick guide of data and go to properties to notice down births and deaths in Brahmin households. With their conventional work not a lot in demand, they’re on the lookout for alternate methods of revenue whereas their kids transfer out of the state seeking different work.

“We’re most likely the final era of panjikars,” Kanhaiya Kumar Mishra tells Al Jazeera.

It’s virtually night now. A lady enters the sabha and loudly declares: “My brother must discover a bride.”

Mehek Pandey has come from Uttar Pradesh along with her husband and mom to discover a bride for her 33-year-old brother, Sumit Mohan Mishra. He was set to be married in June however the bride’s household backed out, leaving the household excessive and dry.

After the household’s makes an attempt to seek out him an appropriate bride failed of their city, they travelled to Madhubani on buses and trains for over 24 hours to hitch the sabha.

“Nowadays, you can not depend on on-line matrimonial apps for weddings, it’s simply not genuine.” Mehek advised Al Jazeera.

South Africa applies for Guptas’ extradition over ‘state capture’ | Corruption News

The Gupta brothers fled to Dubai in 2018 as investigations intensified into their position in siphoning off state property underneath the administration of President Jacob Zuma.

South Africa has formally filed a request with the United Arab Emirates (UAE) to extradite two brothers accused of orchestrating industrial-scale corruption within the nation, in accordance with its justice minister.

Enterprise tycoons Atul and Rajesh Gupta have been held in Dubai final month on suspicion of fraud and cash laundering.

They fled there in April 2018, shortly after investigations intensified into their position in utilizing their affiliation with former President Jacob Zuma to affect contracts and appointments and siphon off state property from Africa’s most superior economic system.

The scandal led to the phrase “state seize” turning into a buzzword in South African politics.

Zuma, who was president from 2009 to 2018, is on trial for misappropriation of state funds throughout his tenure in collusion with the brothers, amongst others. He and the Guptas have denied any wrongdoing.

“We are able to verify that the extradition request has been duly submitted to the UAE central authority at this time,” Justice Minister Ronald Lamola advised a press convention.

The request is step one in a course of that specialists have warned may take years.

South Africa’s case centres on an alleged 25-million-rand ($1.5-million) fraud linked to an agricultural feasibility research – small fry in comparison with the size of different allegations dealing with the Gupta household.

Lamola mentioned the alleged research rip-off is heading for South Africa’s Excessive Court docket, with a provisional trial date set for January 2023.

The ultra-wealthy brothers ran a sprawling household enterprise empire in South Africa for greater than 20 years after migrating from India.

Their arrests adopted the inking of an extradition treaty between Pretoria and the UAE.

The pair fled to the emirate in 2018 at first of an anti-corruption push.

An investigation discovered that they paid bribes for state contracts and wielded affect over ministerial appointments in a scandal that tainted Zuma’s administration and finally pressured him from workplace.

Myanmar executes four democracy activists: State media | Human Rights News

Reported executions mark first use of capital punishment within the Southeast Asian nation because the Nineteen Eighties.

Myanmar’s army authorities has executed 4 democracy activists, in accordance with state media, making the primary use of capital punishment within the Southeast Asian nation in many years.

The 4 males, together with a former legislator from Aung San Suu Kyi’s celebration, had been executed over their involvement in organising “brutal and inhumane terror acts”, the state-run World New Gentle of Myanmar newspaper reported on Monday.

The lads had been sentenced to loss of life in a closed-door trial in January after being accused of serving to militias to combat the army, which seized energy in a coup in February 2021, underneath the course of senior basic Min Aung Hlaing.

Phyo Zeya Thaw, a former legislator from Suu Kyi’s Nationwide League for Democracy (NLD), and distinguished democracy activist Kyaw Min Yu had been discovered responsible of offenses underneath anti-terrorism legal guidelines.

The 2 different males, Hla Myo Aung and Aung Thura Zaw, had been handed the loss of life penalty for allegedly killing a girl they accused of being an informant for the army authorities in Yangon.

The loss of life sentences had acquired condemnation from the United Nations, the USA, France and human rights teams.

The government, which has sentenced dozens of activists to death since the coup, defended the planned executions as lawful and obligatory.

The final judicial executions in Myanmar passed off within the late Nineteen Eighties, in accordance with the Help Affiliation of Political Prisoners (AAPP), an activist group.

Executions in Myanmar have beforehand been carried out by hanging.

‘Brazen act of cruelty’

Yadanar Maung, a spokesperson for Justice For Myanmar, mentioned the executions amounted to crimes in opposition to humanity and referred to as for additional sanctions in opposition to the army authorities.

“All perpetrators from Min Aung Hlaing down have to be held accountable for this brazen act of cruelty,” Maung instructed Al Jazeera.

“The worldwide group should act now to finish the terrorist junta’s whole impunity. The worldwide response to those executions and the junta’s different worldwide crimes should contain coordinated focused sanctions in opposition to the junta and its enterprise pursuits, a ban on jet gasoline and a world arms embargo. Sanctions have to be imposed on Myanma Oil and Fuel Enterprise, to cease oil and gasoline funds bankrolling the junta’s atrocities.”

A army spokesperson didn’t reply calls searching for remark.

Myanmar has been racked by battle since final 12 months’s coup, with violence spreading throughout the nation after the military crushed principally peaceable protests in cities.

Greater than 2,100 folks have been killed by the safety forces because the coup, in accordance with the AAPP. The federal government has mentioned that determine is exaggerated.