Muslim women in India allege bias in hiring for jobs | Islamophobia News

New Delhi, India – Lubna Aamir, 28, is a dentist by coaching. However practising her occupation stays a dream for her.

After learning dentistry and some years of follow at a authorities school within the western Indian state of Maharashtra, Aamir wished a greater place.

In 2018, the Pune resident began making use of for a job at clinics throughout India by way of e mail. She even dropped resumes in individual at some clinics.

“I wished to department out to what we name the category follow and have an expertise past native circles,” Aamir instructed Al Jazeera.

She utilized for jobs at practically two dozen locations however there was no response regardless of “me having excellent credentials”.

“I had scored glorious grades and had an internship from a authorities school which is way wanted within the dental trade. My work profile was good. Nonetheless, I used to be not getting any response,” she instructed Al Jazeera.

Muslims make up practically 14 % of India’s 1.35 billion inhabitants however should not have the identical illustration in authorities or non-public sector jobs. A number of government-appointed commissions have discovered the group is on the backside amongst India’s social teams when it comes to training and employment.

A kind of commissions, headed by now retired Justice Rajinder Sachar, present in 2006 that India’s Muslims had been deprived in social, financial and academic phrases. Lower than 8 % of them had been employed within the formal sector in contrast with the nationwide common of 21 %, the fee mentioned in its report.

In response to the 2011 census, the final carried out by the federal government because the 2021 train was disrupted by the coronavirus pandemic, the participation of Muslim girls in jobs was lower than 15 %, whereas it was greater than 27 % for Hindu girls. The corresponding figures for Buddhist and Christian girls had been 33 % and 31 %, respectively.

The state of affairs has worsened since 2014 when Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata Social gathering (BJP) got here into energy, with the federal government pursuing insurance policies focusing on the Muslim minority and their economic and religious rights.

When she mentioned ‘you do not seem like a Muslim’, I used to be stunned, questioning what she meant.

by Sabah Khan, HR skilled

Doubly marginalised

In a deeply-polarised society, Muslim girls are doubly marginalised. Consultants say they stand on the intersection of gender and non secular variations which considerably will increase their probability of struggling prejudice by potential employers.

“The bias was all the time there however with the dominance of the BJP and RSS, folks have been now calling for the exclusion of Muslims from all of the financial areas,” Apoorvanand, an instructional and activist primarily based in capital New Delhi, instructed Al Jazeera.

“Since this enjoys the safety and patronage usually by the state, it’s now being completed brazenly,” he added.

The RSS refers to Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh, a far-right paramilitary group based in 1925 that mentors India’s Hindu supremacist teams, together with the ruling BJP. The organisation, which counts Modi amongst hundreds of thousands of its lifetime members, goals to show secular India into an ethnic Hindu state.

Apoorvanand mentioned the target of the Hindu proper is to “cripple the Muslims economically, pressure them right into a state of deprivation and fixed need in order that they flip right into a everlasting subjugated inhabitants”.

“Politically Muslims have been disempowered. The concept now could be to disempower them in all areas of life,” he mentioned.

For Muslim girls, a lot of it’s about the hijab.

After a number of rejections, dentist Aamir realised it was her identification that was placing her at an obstacle. Had she not been a Muslim, she felt issues would have been totally different.

Throughout her interview at one of many branches of a giant Indian chain of dental clinics, she was requested about her private life and beliefs.

“I answered every part they requested. On the finish of the interview, I used to be requested about my hijab,” she mentioned.

The interviewer requested Aamir upfront if she was prepared to take off her hijab if she labored on the clinic. She refused.

Aamir recollects a human useful resource govt telling her later that they won’t rent her.

“She took me apart and instructed me in non-public that she doesn’t need to maintain my hopes up for the job. She mentioned, ‘I received’t be going forward with you,’” Aamir mentioned.

They’ve an issue with us being Muslims however they’ve a much bigger drawback with us being visibly Muslims.

by Lubna Aamir, Dentist

Determined for a job, Aamir switched from scientific to the non-clinical discipline. She is now working as a senior medical knowledge analyst in a bioinformatics firm that focuses on most cancers analysis.

“I needed to make powerful choices. The sensation of not doing the sufferers was like I’m not doing sufficient being a physician. It initiates a deep spiral inside you,” she mentioned.

Shaila Irfan, 32, was a trainer at one in every of New Delhi’s largest chains of English-medium faculties. Every part was going easily till somebody from the administration requested her if she really needed to wear the hijab.

“They politely requested me to take off my hijab as a result of college students and academics are uncomfortable with it,” Irfan instructed Al Jazeera.

She left the job with out arguing with the administration and commenced in search of a brand new job. She cleared the interview at one other college however was instructed there could be “one other spherical” of it.

“This time they requested if I’ll take off the hijab. I used to be not employed as a result of I refused to take away it,” mentioned Irfan.

‘Hiring bias’

A research printed in June by LedBy Basis, a management incubator that focuses on the skilled growth of Muslims, has additionally revealed discrimination and bias in opposition to Muslim girls within the hiring course of for entry-level jobs in numerous sectors.

The “Hiring Bias” research highlights extreme hiring bias in opposition to Muslim girls even in situations the place they had been equally certified for the job.

LedBy Basis mentioned it created two equally certified résumés. The one distinction was of their names: Habiba Ali for the Muslim profile and Priyanka Sharma for the Hindu.

Over 10 months, the muse responded to 1,000 job postings on the skilled networking website LinkedIn by sending functions within the names of the 2 girls.

It discovered the web discrimination price was 47.1 % because the Hindu lady obtained 208 constructive responses, whereas the Muslim lady obtained solely 103.

This was evident throughout industries. Recruiters had been extra cordial to the Hindu candidate. Greater than 41 % of the recruiters related with Sharma over telephone calls, whereas solely 12.6 % did the identical with Ali.

An identical research, “Being a Muslim on the Office” by Mumbai-based feminist collective Parcham, discovered that even in metropolitan cities equivalent to New Delhi and Mumbai, Muslims proceed to face prejudice within the formal sector.

The report famous {that a} shortage of Muslim girls within the formal sector factors out to a scientific and institutionalised push in the direction of an financial exclusion of Muslims.

“Our research notes the other ways by which discrimination happens to exclude Muslims from the workforce. Ladies had been doubly marginalised. Unchecked bullying, suspecting the nationalism of Muslims, and making assumptions primarily based on bigoted notions of Muslims had been so frequent,” mentioned the report.

In 2018, Sabah Khan (first identify modified), a 28-year-old from town of Lucknow in north India’s Uttar Pradesh state, utilized for human useful resource positions at a number of corporations round New Delhi after gaining work expertise of three years.

A number one Indian media firm with a sprawling workplace in Gurugram, a bustling New Delhi suburb and residential to dozens of Fortune 500 corporations, invited her for an interview with the HR supervisor.

“Her first query was about my identify. I solely write my first identify in my CV. So the HR supervisor inquired about my surname,” Khan instructed Al Jazeera.

Khan, who doesn’t put on a hijab, was then instructed she doesn’t seem like a Muslim.

“When she mentioned ‘you don’t seem like a Muslim’, I used to be stunned, questioning what she meant. I believed she might need an thought about how Muslim girls ought to look,” mentioned Khan.

Khan ignored the remarks and determined to give attention to the interview. The following stereotypical query was whether or not her household would permit her to work.

“I used to be anticipating her to speak about my job,” Khan mentioned.

By then, she knew she wouldn’t be chosen for the job. As she left, she was instructed to attend to listen to again from the corporate. She by no means did.

Ruha Shadab, the founder and CEO of LedBy Basis, says conversations in regards to the experiences of Muslim girls from numerous backgrounds getting into the office revealed some anecdotal insights about “seen and refined discriminatory responses and tendencies” from the recruiters.

“This prompted us to surprise what was the quantifiable proof behind these experiences and the way these anecdotes could possibly be transformed into quantifiable proof. We tried to establish the obstacles to Muslim girls’s labour-force participation on this research,” she mentioned.

Their research, says Shadab, demonstrates that prejudice within the hiring course of is extraordinarily frequent in India and might take two types.

“One could be an express bias, the place the person is acutely aware of and believes of their prejudice in opposition to Muslims and Muslim girls specifically. They’re genuinely prejudiced in opposition to Muslims and are extraordinarily vocal about it. The second methodology of discrimination is the implicit one, by which those that help the Hindu candidate will not be doing so with full consciousness. As a result of implicit prejudices, they discriminate unintentionally,” defined Shadab.

Dentist Aamir says she felt her identification, the one she was all the time pleased with, had changed into an impediment.

“They’ve an issue with us being Muslims however they’ve a much bigger drawback with us being visibly Muslims,” she instructed Al Jazeera.

Mississippi abortion clinic drops challenge to ban after sale | Women News

Mississippi is one among a number of US states with a set off legislation that went into impact after the Supreme Courtroom’s June ruling.

An abortion clinic within the state of Mississippi that was on the centre of the US Supreme Courtroom choice that overturned the landmark Roe v Wade choice has ended its lawsuit that sought to dam the state from imposing a legislation that bans most abortions.

Jackson Girls’s Well being Group dropped its litigation on Tuesday, a day after clinic proprietor Diane Derzis mentioned that she bought the power and had no intention to reopen it, even when a state courtroom allowed her to take action.

“If the clinic shouldn’t be ready to reopen in Mississippi, it now not has a foundation to pursue this case within the courts,” Rob McDuff, a Mississippi Middle for Justice lawyer who was amongst these representing the clinic, mentioned in an announcement.

Derzis mentioned the clinic’s furnishings and gear have been moved to a brand new abortion clinic she is going to open quickly in Las Cruces, New Mexico.

The event comes amid rising polarisation over entry to abortion within the US, after the Supreme Courtroom overturned the 1973 right to abortion in a ruling on June 24, which gave states the authority to set their very own legal guidelines on abortion. The choice reversed greater than 5 many years of the federal assure of abortion rights and has unleashed intense debate and protests by conservatives and liberals over the difficulty whereas courtroom battles have been taking part in out in a number of states.

Dealing with mounting stress – together with from his personal Democratic get together – US President Joe Biden earlier this month signed an executive order that his administration mentioned will assist safe entry to abortion.

Mississippi’s abortion clinic, the state’s just one, was the topic of the conservative-majority US Supreme Courtroom’s June 24 choice in Dobbs v Jackson Girls’s Well being Group overturning Roe, which had recognised girls’s proper to abortion below the US structure.

The Mississippi clinic — finest generally known as the Pink Home due to its shiny paint job — stopped providing medication-induced and surgical abortions July 6, the day earlier than Mississippi enacted a legislation that bans most abortions. Mississippi was one among a number of states with a set off legislation that went into impact after the Supreme Courtroom ruling.

The Pink house in Jackson, Mississippi.
The Mississippi clinic, often known as the Pink Home, stopped providing medication-induced and surgical abortions July 6, the day earlier than Mississippi enacted a legislation that bans most abortions [File: Rogelio V Solis/AP]

Mississippi is one among 13 states with “trigger” laws designed to ban or restrict abortions if Roe was overturned. Mississippi’s 2007 legislation bans abortions at any stage of being pregnant besides to protect a pregnant woman’s life or in instances of rape reported to legislation enforcement. It doesn’t have an exception for pregnancies attributable to incest.

On July 5, a state courtroom choose rejected a request by the clinic’s attorneys to dam the set off legislation from taking impact. The clinic appealed the ruling to the state Supreme Courtroom, citing a 1998 ruling that mentioned the state structure invokes a proper to privateness that “consists of an implied proper to decide on whether or not or to not have an abortion”.

Because the clinic is dropping its lawsuit, the Mississippi Supreme Courtroom won’t difficulty a brand new ruling.

New sexual harassment bill edges closer to law in Malaysia | Women News

Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia – At college, three years in the past Esma* felt a persistent ache alongside her arm and went to the campus clinic.

When she lay on the examination mattress, the medic requested her to unbutton the highest of her costume. He stated {that a} lump on her chest may very well be inflicting the ache and instructed her to decrease her bra.

“I did what he requested me to do as a result of there was nothing suspicious at first. I believed he was doing his job,” she instructed Al Jazeera.

She quickly found in any other case.

The medic instructed her she had stunning breasts, kissing one and squeezing her nipples. It took about 30 seconds for her to totally comprehend what was occurring.

“I didn’t say something. I used to be too shocked,” Esma stated. “I simply sat up and dressed myself, and he sat again in his chair to put in writing me a medical prescription for my arm – it didn’t point out the lumps. Then I left.”

Experiences of sexual harassment usually are not unusual in Malaysia, however regardless of the existence of varied authorized mechanisms, many ladies say efficient redress continues to be missing.

They hope the long-awaited Anti-Sexual Harassment Invoice, which had its first parliamentary studying in December final 12 months, will quickly develop into regulation. A second studying will happen this month.

“This invoice would apply to any particular person, in any context,” stated Daniella Zulkifili, from the Affiliation of Girls Legal professionals, who had a hand within the invoice’s drafting.

The laws would broaden the present, piecemeal software of sexual harassment legal guidelines – going past the office to cowl occurrences in any setting, reminiscent of instructional establishments, clinics, public transport, sports activities golf equipment, even on-line.

Many years of debate

For ladies’s rights activists, it has been a protracted battle.

Preliminary discussions for extra complete legal guidelines on sexual harassment began within the Nineties. However as a result of a scarcity of political will, actual progress solely came about when elections in 2018 led to a change in Malaysia’s authorities for the primary time since independence.

Later political manoeuvres introduced a number of the old guard back to power, however the invoice continues to maneuver ahead.

A man accused of sexual assault covers his face as he is escorted by a police officer at a court in Kuala Lumpur
Taking motion on sexual harassment and assault beneath the Penal Code could be prolonged and traumatic for survivors [File: Stringer/EPA]

Now 21, Esma thinks that the mere existence of such an act would assist survivors really feel the offence is taken severely.

“I feel mentally, it could assist me loads. I could recuperate extra quickly,” she stated. “Each time I’ve to go to the police station or to the courtroom, I begin to really feel once more what occurred. I can not transfer on.”

Esma instructed her college supervisor what occurred proper after she was assaulted, however felt the official was sceptical of her story.

The subsequent day, she ignored the medic’s calls and he texted her saying she may need one thing in her breast and may verify with a specialist. Esma had a scan the next day, however discovered no trigger for concern. The identical day, she went to the police.

The medic was later charged beneath part 354 of the Malaysian Penal Code for “assault or use of felony power to an individual with intent to outrage modesty” as a result of there isn’t a particular offence for “sexual harassment”. Esma feels that her college is equally in charge; she ought to have been secure there.

In keeping with Zulkifili, pursuing redress beneath the Penal Code could be difficult. Many instances could not quantity legally to a criminal offense due to the necessity for a level of severity and particular components to be fulfilled, in addition to an ordinary of proof past cheap doubt.

Esma’s case continues to be pending, however the authorized course of has been bruising. She was not allowed to have somebody accompany her to courtroom regardless of her request, and felt she needed to beg her college supervisor to testify in her favour.

“She was scared to come back. I don’t know why. I’m the one who wants assist. I really feel like nobody was attempting to assist me. I needed to do every part on my own,” Esma stated.

Extra authorized choices

Moreover looking for justice via felony courts, since 2016 survivors have been capable of sue their sexual harassers in civil courts for financial compensation. However not everybody can afford authorized counsel, and the method can take years.

The brand new invoice expands the authorized choices for survivors by making a particular tribunal, held behind closed doorways, adjudicated by specialists in regulation and issues regarding sexual harassment.

It will have the facility to order a spread of treatments apart from financial compensation, reminiscent of an apology or counselling, and should accomplish that inside 60 days. The usual of proof required is on the stability of possibilities – just like civil instances – whereas the sexual harasser’s previous conduct or conversations the survivor had about their expertise may very well be submitted as proof.

A sexual harassment case tried as a criminal offense could be dropped at the tribunal on the identical time.

The tribunal, nonetheless, doesn’t enable events authorized illustration, which critics say may deter a survivor from bringing their criticism for concern of going through their harasser themselves.

Nonetheless, such a tribunal could assist Jun*, 26, who feels she has been failed by the present system.

Earlier this 12 months, whereas Jun’s firm was having an occasion in a convention corridor, she went into the cramped sound room adjoining it to change off the tv. As she reached up to take action, she says a male colleague got here up behind her and pressed towards her, pinning her to a facet wall as he apparently reached for one thing.

“He has a giant tummy and I may really feel it sticking into my again. He even stated into my ear that he wished to ‘squeeze me flat’,” she instructed Al Jazeera, partly in Mandarin.

Returning to work just a few days after the general public holidays, Jun reported the incident to her supervisor, however felt blamed for it.

“He stated it was as a result of I used to be carrying a brief skirt, that I’ve a character that’s simple to bully. He requested me why I didn’t battle again,” she stated, her voice wavering. “I did battle, however at the moment I used to be additionally panicking. I needed to make myself settle down.”

In keeping with a 2020 survey of 1,010 Malaysian ladies, 62 % have skilled office sexual harassment.

A 2011 modification to the Employment Act directs an employer receiving such complaints to hold out an inner investigation, however the way it does so is left to the employer. “Some organisations do search for impartial members to type the panel,” Zulkifili stated, “however there isn’t a such obligation.”

Later, Jun lodged a proper criticism. There have been no surveillance cameras within the sound room, however there was one overseeing the principle space. Nonetheless, the footage didn’t assist her. The corporate’s investigation concluded that no sexual harassment had taken place. Jun says the digital camera’s positioning exterior the sound room made it troublesome to see what really occurred.

She says one other male colleague within the sound room witnessed the incident, however laughed it off as a joke and wouldn’t assist her criticism. She additionally says that her harasser instructed everybody it was she who seduced him, and that the investigation was unfair as a result of her harasser was mates with the brother of the corporate’s boss.

Ultimately, Jun felt beneath strain to resign from her job, however determined to not pursue motion for constructive dismissal beneath the Industrial Relations Act, which may provide financial compensation. She feared it could weaken her case.

“I don’t need the cash. I would like him to be punished and I would like him to apologise to me sincerely,” she stated.

‘Scream and push him away’

Discouraged from pursuing official channels, different ladies have taken their experiences to the press and social media, but in addition discovered it troublesome to carry sexual harassers accountable.

In 2020, college pupil “Soleil Ching” held a press convention to report the professor who sexually harassed her, after failing to acquire a decision from both her college or the police. She additionally crowdfunded cash to sue him in a civil go well with.

Final April, Ain Husniza, then a 17-year-old pupil, took to TikTok to complain a couple of instructor at her faculty who had joked about rape in entrance of her class. She by no means named the instructor publicly, however he sued her for defamation anyway. The instructor is now being defended by attorneys appointed by the federal government in her countersuit.

Extra just lately, Yihwen Chen, a journalist, made a meditative quick movie, The Boys Club, about her expertise of sexual harassment whereas filming a characteristic documentary – by an oblique topic of the documentary – and the way she felt unsupported by her bosses when she reported it. She finally felt pressured to go away.

Malaysian teenager Ain Husniza, who reported her teacher for making a rape joke, speaks to the media supported by her father and supporters outside a police station
Ain Husniza Saiful Nizam (centre in pink trainers) is going through a defamation go well with supporter by the federal government after she criticised a instructor for making a rape joke. She didn’t title him [File: Arif Kartono/AFP]

Regardless of some advances, even the brand new invoice is inadequate, activists say.

In latest public statements, the Joint Motion Group for Gender Equality – which incorporates the Affiliation of Girls Legal professionals (AWL) and Girls’s Help Organisation (WAO) – has known as for amendments.

Activists have requested for the definition of sexual harassment to be expanded past interactions between two people to incorporate hostile environments that allow sexual harassment, and argued for imposing an obligation on organisations to stop such incidences and deal fastidiously with complaints.

“A number of instances come all the way down to energy dynamics, and there could be a variety of blowback on survivors,” famous Abinaya Mohan, WAO head of campaigns. “So, the prohibition of additional victimisation is essential. There have to be a safety mechanism in place so complainants can communicate up freely.”

Citing a 2019 YouGov survey of 1,002 Malaysians, Betty Yeoh of girls’s rights social enterprise ENGENDER Consultancy – who additionally helped draft the invoice – provides, “Sexual harassment occurs to 35 % of girls and 17 % of males in Malaysia. This invoice is not only for girls, however for each citizen on this nation.”

Till it comes into being, Jun, traumatised a number of occasions over from being disbelieved, has recommendation for girls who discover themselves being sexually harassed.

“Scream and push him away. Then you should have a greater case beneath the regulation.”

*Names have been modified to guard the identities of the survivors.

Srebrenica women recognised for highlighting 1995 genocide | Genocide News

They had been those who lived in a world during which their husbands, sons, brothers, uncles and nephews had been massacred. They had been those who fought to ensure that the world would neither deny nor neglect the reality of what occurred in Srebrenica.

As 1000’s converge on the japanese Bosnian city to commemorate the twenty seventh anniversary on Monday of Europe’s solely acknowledged genocide since World Struggle II, the essential position girls have performed in forging a worldwide understanding of the 1995 bloodbath is also getting recognised.

A everlasting photograph exhibition of portraits of the ladies of Srebrenica opened on Saturday in a memorial centre devoted to the bloodbath’s greater than 8,000 victims.

The centre in Potocari, simply exterior the city, is ready to host a world convention of girls discussing how they discovered the energy to struggle for justice after being pushed from their properties and witnessing their family members being taken away to be killed.

“After I survived the genocide during which my most beloved youngster and my husband had been killed, it was the injustice of their killers, their refusal to acknowledge what they did and to repent, that pushed me to struggle for fact and justice,” Munira Subasic stated.

10 days of slaughter

Subasic’s family members had been amongst greater than 8,000 males and boys from the Bosniak ethnic group, which is made up primarily of Muslims, who perished in 10 days of slaughter after the city was overrun by Bosnian Serb forces within the closing months of Bosnia’s 1992-95 fratricidal warfare.

Bosnian Serb troopers ploughed the victims’ our bodies into unexpectedly made mass graves, after which later dug up the websites with bulldozers and scattered the stays amongst different burial websites to cover the proof of their crimes.

Bosniak girls and youngsters had been packed onto buses and expelled from the city. However as quickly because the warfare was over, Subasic and different girls who had shared her destiny pledged to search out the stays of their family members, deliver them again to their city and bury them there.

To do this, they created an organisation, Mothers of Srebrenica, which engaged in avenue protests and different actions to remain within the public eye.

They demanded that the mass graves be discovered, the stays recognized, and people answerable for the bloodbath punished.

So far, virtually 90 % of these reported lacking from the autumn of Srebrenica have been accounted for.

“Folks typically ask us who supported us, who had our again early on. However it was nobody, we did it on our personal,” Sehida Abdurahmanovic stated.

“The ache is one of the best and probably the most troublesome schooling, but additionally probably the most sincere, as a result of it comes straight from the guts,” she added.

The ladies saved returning

Because the finish of the warfare, Srebrenica has been situated within the Serb-run Bosnian entity of Republika Srpska, whereas lots of its pre-war inhabitants stay within the nation’s different entity, the Bosniak-Croat Federation.

Within the fast post-war years, crowds of offended Bosnian Serbs did their greatest to stop girls who had lived by means of the bloodshed from visiting the newly-found mass graves to seek for objects that after belonged to their family members.

To intimidate them, crowds would line up alongside the streets, shouting and throwing stones at buses carrying the ladies.

However the girls saved returning.

For a very long time, they needed to be escorted by the NATO-led peacekeepers, however nonetheless, they refused to bury their recognized useless wherever else however in Srebrenica.

Lastly, in 2003, Bosnian Serb authorities relented below stress and allowed the survivors to inaugurate the memorial cemetery for the victims within the city.

To date, the stays of greater than 6,600 individuals have been discovered and buried on the cemetery. The stays of fifty extra victims, lately present in mass graves and recognized by means of DNA evaluation, will probably be put to relaxation there on Monday.

Dozens of Srebrenica girls testified earlier than the UN warfare crimes tribunal for the previous Yugoslavia, serving to put behind bars near 50 Bosnian Serb wartime officers, collectively sentenced to greater than 700 years in jail.

“After my husband was killed and I stayed alone with our two kids, I assumed I will be unable to operate, however the ache saved us going,” Abdurahmanovic stated.

Introduced up in a patriarchal society, Srebrenica girls had been anticipated to undergo in silence and never confront Serb leaders, who proceed to downplay and even deny the 1995 bloodbath.

As a substitute, they modified their lives, organising assist teams, commemorating the victims and re-telling their trauma to everybody keen to hear, together with queens, presidents, prime ministers, diplomats and journalists.

“The historical past of what occurred in Srebrenica has been written in white marble headstones within the memorial cemetery, which might not have existed had we not insisted,” stated Suhra Sinanovic, who misplaced her husband and 23 different shut male family members within the bloodbath.

She stated Bosnian Serb authorities had underestimated the Srebrenica girls.

“If, God forbid, a warfare was to interrupt out in Bosnia once more, perhaps [the Serbs] would do issues in a different way by letting the boys stay and killing the ladies,” she stated.