Taliban disperses Afghan women’s march for ‘work and freedom’ | News

Taliban fighters beat feminine protesters and fired into the air on Saturday to dispersed a uncommon rally within the Afghan capital, Kabul, days earlier than the first anniversary of the group’s return to energy.

About 40 ladies marched on the schooling ministry in Kabul, chanting “bread, work and freedom”. Regardless of the pledges made when it retook energy, the Taliban has limited Afghan women’s rights, together with conserving highschool lady college students out of college.

Some protesters who took refuge in close by outlets have been chased and crushed by Taliban fighters with their rifle butts, in response to the AFP information company.

The demonstrators carried a banner, which learn “August 15 is a black day” as they demanded rights to work and political participation.

“Justice, justice. We’re fed up with ignorance,” they chanted, many not sporting face veils.

“Sadly, the Taliban from the intelligence service got here and fired within the air,” stated Zholia Parsi, one of many organisers of the march.

“They dispersed the women, tore our banners and confiscated the cell phones of many women.”

However protester Munisa Mubariz pledged to proceed preventing for ladies’s rights.

“If the Taliban need to silence this voice, it’s not attainable. We’ll protest from our houses,” she stated.

Some journalists protecting the demonstration – the primary ladies’s rally in months – have been additionally crushed by the Taliban fighters, an AFP correspondent noticed.

‘Making ladies invisible’

Whereas the Taliban authorities have allowed and even promoted some rallies in opposition to america, they’ve declined permission for any ladies’s rally since they returned to energy.

After seizing management final 12 months, the Taliban has gone again on its guarantees of girls’s rights and media freedom, bringing again reminiscences of its harsh rule from 1996 to 2001.

Tens of hundreds of ladies have been shut out of secondary schools, whereas ladies have been barred from returning to many authorities jobs.

Taliban fighters disperse Afghan women protesters in Kabul.
Taliban fighters attempt to disperse Afghan feminine protesters in Kabul [Wakil Kohsar/AFP]

Ladies have additionally been banned from travelling alone on lengthy journeys and may solely go to public gardens and parks within the capital on designated days, when males will not be allowed.

In Could, the nation’s supreme chief and chief of the Taliban, Haibatullah Akhunzada, ordered ladies to fully cover themselves in public, together with their faces – ideally with an all-encompassing burqa.

The United Nations and rights teams have repeatedly slammed the Taliban authorities for imposing the restrictions on ladies.

These insurance policies present a “sample of absolute gender segregation and are aimed toward making ladies invisible within the society”, Richard Bennett, UN particular rapporteur on human rights in Afghanistan, instructed reporters in Kabul throughout a go to in Could.

Human Rights Watch on Thursday known as on the Taliban to “reverse their horrifying and misogynistic” choice to bar ladies from schooling.

“This might ship a message that the Taliban are prepared to rethink their most egregious actions,” Fereshta Abbasi, Afghanistan researcher on the rights group, stated in an announcement.

Some Afghan ladies initially pushed again in opposition to the curbs, holding small protests.

However the Taliban quickly rounded up the protest organisers, holding them incommunicado whereas denying they’d been detained.

A research by the Worldwide Labor Group (ILO) this 12 months documented a disproportionate drop in ladies’s employment in Afghanistan – 16 % within the months instantly following the Taliban takeover. In distinction, male employment dropped by 6 %.

Taliban fighters fire into the air to disperse Afghan women protesters in Kabul.
Taliban fighters hearth into the air [Wakil Kohsar/AFP]

Previous to the Taliban takeover, ladies made up 22 % of the Afghan workforce. Whereas the determine was nonetheless dismal, it mirrored years of social progress in a deeply patriarchal and conservative society like Afghanistan.

Working ladies in Afghanistan are additionally weak to unemployment shocks because of the current financial disaster, restrictions on ladies’s motion by the Taliban, and the prevalent patriarchy.

Whereas the Afghan financial system has severely suffered because of the Western sanctions on the Taliban, women-centric companies have been among the many worst affected because of the extra restrictions on ladies.

A current World Financial institution survey famous that 42 % of women-owned companies in Afghanistan had briefly closed in contrast with the closure of 26 % of the corporations owned by males.

Moreover, about 83 % of the businesswomen indicated that they have been anticipating income losses over the following six months, forcing them to have interaction in coping mechanisms reminiscent of downsizing their employees, typically comprising largely of girls.

Journalism ‘bleeding to dying’

Quite a few media retailers have ceased their work and a whole lot of journalists have misplaced their jobs within the final one 12 months, in response to Reporters With out Borders (RSF).

“Journalism in Afghanistan is bleeding to dying,” RSF director Christian Mihr stated in an announcement on Friday.

“The Taliban have enacted quite a few legal guidelines that prohibit freedom of the press and encourage the persecution and intimidation of media and journalists,” she added.

In response to RSF, a superb third of 550 media retailers that had been energetic as of August 15, 2021 – the day the Taliban took over management once more after greater than 20 years – have been shut down.

Infographic: How do the Kenyan elections work? | Infographic

Kenya, one among Africa’s most vibrant democracies, votes on Tuesday. Right here’s what it’s essential to know in regards to the events, leaders and key election points.

Nairobi, Kenya – On August 9, Kenyans are heading to the polls to select the nation’s fifth president in what pundits say shall be a hotly contested election.

4 candidates are competing for the nation’s prime place. William Ruto, having served two phrases as deputy president within the present authorities, is keen to succeed his present boss, who he’s feuding with.

William Ruto, deputy president of Kenya
William Ruto, deputy president of Kenya

Raila Odinga, who has unsuccessfully contested the presidency 4 occasions earlier than, is his foremost challenger. He has the backing of the outgoing president, Uhuru Kenyatta, his former foe. Two different candidates, George Wajackoyah and David Mwaure, full the checklist.

Former prime minister Raila Odinga
Former prime minister Raila Odinga

Moreover the presidential election, individuals may even go to the polls to vote in governors, Members of the Nationwide Meeting, senators and Members of the County Meeting.

Twelve individuals shall be nominated to the National Assembly, in accordance with the structure, to symbolize particular curiosity teams together with individuals with disabilities, youths and staff.

Current parliament
Present parliament

How do individuals vote?

Voting is finished electronically within the second such election after a historical past of guide failures.

  • On account of technological failures within the 2017 polls that led to the Supreme Courtroom calling for a rerun of the presidential contest, there’s a guide voters’ register that’s normally sealed till wanted however stored within the polling stations.
  • After voting, the ballots are counted and outcomes varieties stuffed, then taken to the constituency tallying centres the place outcomes are collated and introduced, earlier than being taken to the county and nationwide tallying centres.
  • In line with Justus Nyng’aya, an Impartial Electoral and Boundaries Fee (IECB) commissioner, the physique will transmit outcomes through a public portal “as a picture, not textual content”.
Kenyan elections process
Kenyan elections course of

Declaring victory

To be declared winner in Kenya’s winner-takes-all electoral system, a presidential candidate has to obtain greater than half of all of the votes solid within the election; and at the very least 25 % of the votes solid in every of at the very least half of the counties.

In line with the structure, if no candidate is elected, a brand new election needs to be held inside 30 days after the earlier one.

  • Solely candidates who obtained the very best and second highest votes tally are eligible to contest a brand new election.
  • The candidate who receives essentially the most votes within the new election shall be declared elected as president.
  • A presidential election shall be cancelled and a brand new election held if a candidate for president or deputy president dies on or earlier than the scheduled election date; or the president-elect dies earlier than being declared elected.

IEBC chairperson Wafula Chebukati has said the fee is printing 22,120,458 poll papers – the precise variety of registered voters.

Voting at a glance
Voting at a look

Ideology barometer

In Kenya, as in lots of elements of Africa, ideology politics will not be the order of the day. Residents are extra inclined to attend for good governance and people-oriented tasks, no matter whether or not it comes from a socialist or capitalist authorities.

Political barometer in Kenya
Political barometer in Kenya
  • Additionally, for a lot of politicians, energy is the final word purpose so their ideologies are malleable and so they usually swap social gathering allegiances or create them. Consequently, personalities drive politics on the continent, not events.
  • Raila Odinga, a longtime centre leftist who’s famously recognized for campaigning for multi-party politics in Kenya, was a long-term foe of the present president, however is now the institution candidate and barely proper of centre.
  • Deputy President William Ruto is campaigning as an outsider in a centrist authorities and has adopted a comparatively right-wing method, along with his populist Kenya Kwanza (Kenya First) motion as a marketing campaign automobile.
  • On the acute left of the spectrum is George Wajackoyah, a professor who desires to legalise marijuana, impose four-day working weeks and hold these convicted of corruption.
  • To the acute proper is conservative clergyman David Mwaure, who completes the checklist.